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53 Cards in this Set

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bootlegger

a person who makes, sells, or transports liquor illegally

speakeasy

a place where alcoholic beverages were sold illegally during Prohibition

temperance movement

an effort to promote moderation and, more often, complete abstinence in alcohol consumption

suffragist

a person who supports extension of the right to vote, especially to women

alien law

a law that prevented certain people from immigrating to the United States

anarchist

a person who does not believe in any form of government

Reds

a nickname for communists or people thought to be communists

sedition law

a law that made it a crime for anyone to speak against the government

black migration

the movement of more than one million black people from the rural South to the cities of the North

flappers

young women of the 1920s who dressed in a bold, new style

Creole

a person of Spanish or French and African-American descent

Aaron Copland

an American composer, composition teacher, writer, and later in his career a conductor of his own and other American music.

stock

shares in a company

stock exchange

the place where stocks are bought and sold

stock market

the business of buying and selling stocks

stockbroker

the person who buys and sells stock for another person

Dust Bowl

the name given to the region that was devastated by drought during the Depression years due to the drastic reduction of grasslands, drought, light soil and high winds.

Bonus Army

the name given to 20,000 World War I veterans who marched to Washington to see President Hoover in an effort to get the bonus Congress had promised them for their war service

capitalism

the economic system in which individuals or companies, rather than the government, own most factories and businesses, and in which laborers produce products for a wage

pacifist

a person who is opposed to the use of force under any circumstance

two methods for amending the Constitution

1. 2/3 of the Congress (both the Senate and the House of Representatives) must propose the amendment and then approve (ratify) it.


2. 2/3 of the states c


all for a Constitutional convention to amend the Constitution. Then, 3/4ths of the states must ratify the amendment.

Prohibition

the legal act of prohibiting the manufacture, storage, transportation and sale of alcohol including alcoholic beverages.

freedom of speech

the attorney general of the United States violated this during the Red Scare.

Warren G. Harding

created the Bureau of the Budget, reduced the national debt, cut taxes, and appointed


black men to public office. Harding put some of his friends in important jobs that they were not


qualified for. Some were crooks who stole money from the country.

Calvin Coolidge

He was against active government. The


nation prospered during his administration and, at the time, most Americans thought he


was a good president.

Great Migration

Between 1910 and 1920, more than 1 million black people left the South and moved to


the North and Midwest to find better jobs, better schooling, and a chance to get ahead.

Harlem Renaissance

explosion of artistic excellence and creativity in Harlem.

Roaring Twenties

a phrase used to refer to the 1920s in the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom, characterizing the decade's distinctive cultural edge in New York City, Montreal, Chicago, Berlin, London, Los Angeles, and many other major cities during a period of sustained economic prosperity.

Babe Ruth

His power as a hitter helped change the emphasis in baseball from defense (a pitcher’s game) to offense (a hitter’s game.)

Jesse Owens

an African - American track star.

Jackie Mitchell

17 years old when she signed on with the Chattanooga Look- outs as a pitcher. She struck out Babe Ruth and Lou Gehrig.

jazz

blended African rhythms with European forms to create a uniquely American sound with roots in New Orleans. Spread to the rest of the country during the great black migration of the 1920's.

Charles Lindbergh

became a national and world


hero in 1927 when he completed the first


nonstop, solo transatlantic flight in his single-engine plane the


Spirit of St. Louis.

Robert Goddard

He developed the idea of using a series of rockets to reach the moon. He also devised parachutes to allow rockets to return to earth smoothly. All in all, he patented more than 200 of his ideas.

Edwin Hubble

an astronomer whose work confirmed Einstein’s Theory of Relativity. He concluded that the


universe isn’t static— it is expanding and has changed over time.

Louis Armstrong

One of the greatest jazz performers who played the trumpet on riverboats that went up and down the Mississippi River. Many people credit hi


m with inventing the jazz solo.

Duke Ellington

His music reflected his African heritage,


European atonal theory, and Western classical tradition, but his style was his


own. His music remains hard to classify;


some say it’s jazz, and others really


don’t know what it is.

George Gershwin

composer who incorporated jazz elements into his compositions.

Amelia Earhart

the first woman to cross the Atlantic in an airplane. Although she was just a passenger, it made her a celebrity. Four years later she


flew the Atlantic herself, as Lindbergh


had done. It was a big moment for women


and for aviation.

Bessie Coleman

became America’s first licensed black pilot. Because of discrimination, she had to learn to fly in France.

Herbert Hoover

the president who thought government should support business. That would strengthen


the economy and business money would “trickle down” to the people. He did not want


government money spent on relief programs. He thought people could help themselves. Known for the promise : "A chicken in every pot and a car in every garage".

Al Smith

Presidential candidate who was feared among Protestants who believed that the Catholic Church and the Pope would dictate his policies.

Great Depression

was the deepest and longest-lasting economic downturn in the history of the Western industrialized world.

shantytown

also knows as "Hoovervilles" these were built out of cardboard boxes and discarded metal. It was common for American cities to have an area like this where homeless people lived during the Great Depression.

Walt Disney

pioneered animated movies with his short feature, Steamboat Willie, in 1928

Clarence Darrow

famous lawyer defended John Scopes, who was arrested for teaching evolution in a Tennessee high school.

buying on margin

borrowing money from a stockbroker to purchase shares

Joseph Stalin

was the leader of the Soviet Union from the mid-1920s

amendment

implemented to allow changes to be made to the U.S. Constitution.

Attorney General Mitchell Palmer

used America's fear of communism to illegally arrest 5,000 suspected communists and anarchists

19th Amendment

Gave women the right to vote.

Sacco-Vanzetti trial

controversial murder trial in Massachusetts, U.S., extending over seven years. Two Italian anarchists who had immigrated to the United States in 1908, one a shoemaker and the other a fish peddler, were convicted of murder. This angered many socialists and radicals who felt they were convicted due to their anarchist beliefs.

Teapot Dome

a scandal involving a bribery incident that took place in the United States from 1921 to 1924, during the administration of President Warren G. Harding.