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28 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back


dishonesty or cheating

political machine

an unofficial government that exists alongside a real government

civil case

a court case to settle an argument when no law has been broken

criminal case

a court case involving a violation of the law


dislike of another ethnic group, gender, race, or religion


avoiding intoxicating liquor

Jim Crow

a common name for segregation laws, some of which forbade intermarriage and ordered business owners and public institutions to keep black and white patrons separated

Plessy v. Ferguson

an 1896 Supreme Court case in which the court ruled that segregation (Jim Crow) laws were constitutional


the practice of separating racial, ethnic, or religious groups from one another, especially in public places


kidnapping and execution of a person by a mob


one who takes or advocates the taking of law enforcement into one's own hands


hostility toward or discrimination against Jews as a religious, ethnic, or racial group


the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, an organization of blacks and whites formed to fight racial injustice

W.E.B. DuBois

believed that academic education was more important that trade education. He thought Washington's emphasis on industrial education actually kept African-Americans trapped in lower social and economic classes by suggesting they were best suited to service occupations.

Boss Tweed

a corrupt man who controlled New York City's political machine, Tammany Hall.

Thomas Nast

known as the "Father of the American Cartoon," having created satirical art during the 19th century that critiqued slavery and crime.

Samuel Clemens (Mark Twain)

an American author and humorist. He wrote The Adventures of Tom Sawyer (1876) and its sequel, Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1885),

The Gilded Age

the late 19th century, from the 1870s to about 1900. The term was coined by writer Mark Twain in The Gilded Age: A Tale of Today (1873), which satirized an era of serious social problems masked by a thin gold gilding.

German and Irish

the two largest groups of immigrants during the late nineteenth century

Why did immigrants come to the United States during the second half of the nineteenth


to e

scape political unrest, famine, lack of work, and religious persecution.

What difficulties did immigrants face in leaving their homes and making a new life in the

United States?

immigrants faced dirty, crowded conditions and sickness. Many did not speak English, so there was a language barrier when they

reached the States.

Jacob Riis

an immigrant from Denmark. He photographed immigrant life to make

people aware of the problems immigrants faced.

Chinese Exclusion Act

a law that restricted Chinese immigration into the United States.


the first U.S. territory to grant women the right to vote and to hold office.


the right to vote.

Susan B. Anthony

a reformer who fought for decades so American women could have the same rights as men.

Ida B. Wells

a newspaperwoman who fought passionately for the protection of African Americans.

Booker T. Washington

called for avoiding confrontation over segregation and instead putting more reliance on long-term educational and economic advancement in the black community.