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21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Paul Revere:
ride through the night to warn the colonists (minutemen) William Dawes and Samuel Prescott rode withhim. Colonists early warning system – lanterns in the Old North Church belfry “Oneif by land, two if by sea”Two lanterns
Where the Constitutional Convention was held
Quartering Acts:
furnish British soldiers with livingquarters
Samuel Adams:
founded Sons of Liberty in Boston. Held protests,destroyed stamps, and forced stamp. fills newpapers with articles warning thatthe peace was temporary Heforms the Committees of Correspondence – keeping all the colonies up to date onBritish wrongs
Samuel Prescott:
Rode with Paul Revere and WilliamDawes ride through thenight to warn the colonists (minutemen)
The British soldiers were exhausted, short on supplies, and surrounded by patriot troops under the command of the patriot Gen. Gates. British Gen. Burgoyne surrendered 5000 British troops. This battle proved to be the turning point in America’s War for Independence because it finished British changes of isolating New England from the rest of the colonies. American moral was lifted. France decided to enter a formal alliance with America with encouragement from Ben Franklin.
Separation of Powers:
The three main branches of thegovernment have separation of powers which means that no one section had totalcontrol of the government
Stamp Act of 1765:
must buy stamps to affix to legal documents, pamphlets and newspapers. 1766 Stamp act repealed by British Parliament
Thomas Gage:
a general in the British army. Wasin charge of British troops at the Boston Massacre
Thomas Jefferson:
first Secretary of State, became VP when John Adams was elected President, elected President in 1800. First President inaugurated in Washington D.C.
Thomas Paine:
January 1776 – stated it was common sense for America todeclare independence – distributed across colonies – stirred the people. Also wrote “ the American Crisis” which toldof the difficulties the Patriots would face. Gen. Washington read it to his menat Valley Forge.
Valley Forge:
Where Gen. George Washing and histroops spent the winter. Bad conditions. Very little food or supplies. Many died. Gen. Washington andhis troops spent the winter of 1777 to 1778 at Valley Forge. Over 2500 soldierswere lost to disease, exposure, and starvation. Many deserted. It was a veryhard winter without sufficient supplies until Feb., 1778
William Dawes:
Rode with Paul Revere, Samuel Prescott to warn Colonists that the British were coming
Writs of Assistance:
basically a blanket search warrant to search anywhereanytime
Cornwallis fled other fights and retreated to Yorktown. General Washington- surprise attack on Cornwallis October 19, 1781 – Cornwallis surrendered his army of 8,000 men. The war was all but over. Was a decisive battle.
Number of delegates at Constitutional Convention:
3 branches of government:
Executive, judicial, legislative
Date Declaration of Independence was signed:
July 4, 1776
City where Constitutional Convention was held:
River where Washington crossed with Continental Army:
Delaware River
What was the battle considered to be the turning point in the war?
The Battle of Saratoga was consideredto be the turning point in the war in favor of the patriots. France felt sureenough of America’s victory to enter a formal alliance with America.