Essay about The Power of DNA in the Courtroom

1097 Words 5 Pages
CRAM Exclusive
Essay Sample
The Power of DNA in the Courtroom          In 1893, Francis Galton introduced a remarkable new way to identify people ("Fingerprinting" pg 1 par 3). His observation that each individual has a unique set of fingerprints revolutionized the world of forensics. Soon, all investigators had adapted the idea to use fingerprints as a form of identification. Unfortunately, over the course of the past century, criminals have adapted to this technique and seldom leave their incriminating marks

middle of document…

However, nothing is foolproof. Problems have arisen in courtrooms already because of soiled genetic evidence. The slightest mistake can destroy an entire  sample, and "no amount of effort and improved technology can reduce the error rate to zero" (NRC pg 1). These problems are not frequent, but they do have the potential to destroy a person's life. Whether the test sample is tampered with or the entire sample is used in the DNA tests, these mistakes cannot be double-checked. In lieu of these problems, the judicial system has become cautious when dealing with genetic evidence. The procedures taken when analyzing DNA samples are strictly observed, and if there is an ounce of doubt about the validity then the test is deemed inadmissible. As an added protection, the accused person is allowed the opportunity to divide DNA samples and have an independent test run. If the two test results match, the chance of having accurate, admissible samples is much greater (Ballantyne pg 149).



 



DNA fingerprinting is an accurate, absolute form of identification. Still, in a courtroom case where a person's life is on the line, is it worth the risk of mistake? The court is still out on that verdict, but the people who have been faced with that same question have answered loud and clear. In the much-debated O. J. Simpson trial, the jury was presented with genetic evidence
CRAM Exclusive
Lion91283Farm

Related Documents

  • DNA Essay

    DNA "There is no substance as important as DNA," Watson, 1991. Gene therapy is a controversial issue in today’s science society. Debates in the United States are covering a wide range of topics. I will discuss just a few viewpoints from both sides. First of all, a little background on DNA and genetics. DNA, or deoxyribonucleic acid, is a complex structure consisting of a double stranded helix made up of complementary base pairs. Adenine (A) pairs up with thymine (T) and guanine (G) matches

    Words: 1792 - Pages: 8
  • DNA Testing Essay

    Davis. Faulty eyewitness testimony and double jeopardy are two of errors that will be reviewed in this case. The focus is the use of unreliable scientific evidence. In the past non-DNA testing of evidence was use to prove guilt or innocence. These tests can be inconclusive and can be used to mislead a jury. Today there is DNA testing, a more exact method of testing, that can either prove or disprove a person connection to a crime. Whether a person was convicted by misrepresentation of an eyewitnesses

    Words: 1489 - Pages: 6
  • Cameras and the Courtroom Essay

    a certain policy regarding cameras inside of courtrooms. It is understood that all American citizens should have access to the goings on inside a courtroom but this is sadly not true. Due to the lack of cameras inside the courtroom, only those privileged enough to obtain a seat in the court may view the session, even though every single American has the right to view the proceedings, whether they want to or not. Cameras must be allowed in all courtrooms in order for the public to see the trials as

    Words: 1582 - Pages: 7
  • Essay about Criminal Justice and Courtroom Process

    Criminal Justice and Courtroom Process. CJA491 December 17th 2012 Criminal justice and courtroom process. This case happen in June, 1994 There were two brutal murders that occurred. The husband was notified of his wife’s death. The husband returns home from a business trip only to be handcuffed as a suspect in the murder of his wife. The husband is assigned council, and while in custody the husband eludes his council. Later found arrested

    Words: 1224 - Pages: 5
  • Essay on Criminal Courtroom Visit

    Criminal courtroom visit The courtroom is a place where cases are heard and deliberated as evidence is produced to prove whether the accused person is innocent or guilty. Different courtroom varies depending on the hierarchy and the type of cases, they deliberate upon in the courtroom. In the United States, the courts are closely interlinked through a hierarchical system at either the state or the federal level. Therefore, the court must have jurisdiction before it takes upon a case, deliberate

    Words: 1387 - Pages: 6
  • Essay about Courtroom Standards Analysis

    Courtroom Standards Analysis Chris CJA/484 June 17, 2013 Courtroom Standards Analysis Courtroom Personnel There are a number of individuals who make up the courtroom personnel. Each individual whether it be the judge, bailiff, court reporter, courtroom clerk, prosecutor, defense counsel, jury, defendant, or witness contribute to the shaping of legal law. The judge who presides over the trial has the ultimate authority in the courtroom. “The judge must see that the trail is conducted in an

    Words: 744 - Pages: 4
  • Dna Paper

    DNA DNA or Deoxyribonucleic acid is the very building block needed in the creation of life. It is composed of genetic instruction to map out the creation of an entire organism. DNA is well suited in the storage of biological information. Yet with all of this complex information there are certain chemicals or forms of energy that can damage or alter this special coding. In process of damaging or altering the coding of DNA the most dreaded situation of a cancerous cell can be formed. To start let’s

    Words: 1595 - Pages: 7
  • Media in the Courtroom Essay

    Media in the Courtroom COM 150 February 27, 2011 Media in the Courtroom In this day and age the public looks for information though the media to inform them on what is happening in the world today, but with all the different ways that we have to receive information via the newspaper, or TV news, should we also allow cameras onto our courtrooms? There have been several debates on whether or not cameras should be permitted in the courtroom during court proceedings even though the media feels

    Words: 1168 - Pages: 5
  • The Use of DNA in Forensics Essay example

    The Use of DNA in Forensics DNA (noun) [deoxyribonucleic acid] first appeared 1944 : any of various nucleic acids that are usually the molecular basis of heredity, are localized especially in cell nuclei, and are constructed of a double helix held together by hydrogen bonds between purine and pyrimidine bases which project inward from two chains containing alternate links of deoxyribose and phosphate. What is forensics? fo*ren*sic [1] (adjective) First appeared 1659 1 : belonging to

    Words: 898 - Pages: 4
  • DNA: The Doble Helix Essay

    INTRODUCTION The essential component of life can be acknowledged and is made up of a nucleic acid known as DNA. DNA is the abbreviated form for the word deoxyribonucleic acid and it is the “carrier of genetic information” (McMurry, Ballantine, Hoeger, & Peterson, 1992, pg. 775). DNA contains the genetic instructions that are needed for an organism to develop, survive, and replicate, as it plays a crucial role in living systems that makes each species unique and distinctive. The multifaceted material

    Words: 1100 - Pages: 5