The Legislative Process and the Congressional Committees Essay

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The United States Congress was created by the framers of the Constitution as the most important part of the legislative branch of the national government. The Congress was set up with a bicameral structure composed by the House of Representatives or Lower Chamber and the Senate or Upper Chamber. According to “Origins and Development” and “History of the House”, two descriptions of the history of the Congress, both chambers assembled for the very first time in New York in 1789 and then moved to Philadelphia in 1790 where they stayed for 10 years. In 1800 the Congress moved to Washington, DC; however, it was not until 1857 and 1859 that the House of Representatives and the Senate respectively moved to their current meeting locations in the …show more content…
This sponsor introduces the bill by depositing the document into a box next to the clerk's desk in the House or handling it directly to the clerk in the Senate. After the bill is introduced it is assigned a legislative number, starting with the letters "HR" if it was introduced in the House or an "S" if it was introduced in the Senate, and referred to the respective committee. Once received, the members of the committee carefully analyze each bill and select those that they think are appropriate. If the bill is selected, the committees discuss and socialize it with experts from executive agencies and the people who will most likely be affected by the new regulation. After discussing the bill, the committees decide what to do with it; they can report it back to the House floor or Senate floor with or without amendments, they can issue a new bill called “clean bill” if it has too many amendments, or they can simply disregard it. Once in the chamber floor the bill is ready to be considered by all its members, this step varies depending on the type of bill, sometimes it is very simple but some others it is quite complex. Here the bill is debated by all the Representatives or Senators, and all the amendments are agreed upon. Next, the bill is voted and if approved without any issues such as an attempt to send it back to the committees the bill is sent to the Senate if it was introduced in the House or to the House if it was introduced in the Senate. The chamber

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