Terrorism and Religious Extremism in Pakistan and Afghanistan

1773 Words 8 Pages
In 1947 Pakistan was created after being partitioned from the country of India. A predominantly Muslim country located in Southern Asia it has had a history rife with terrorism and religious extremism. The roots of which can be traced primarily to the Soviet-Afghan war of 1979. A direct consequence of the war would be the promotion of radical Islam and a militant culture. The terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001 and the subsequent War On Terror would bring Pakistani support of and involvement in terrorist activities to international focus.
Neighboring Iran and Afghanistan to the west, China to the north, and India to the East Pakistan has a diverse geography consisting of flat plains and mountainous regions.
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The province’s capital of Karachi is the former capital of Pakistan and is the most populated city in the country. Pakistan’s geographically largest province, Balochistan, located in the southwestern portion of the country neighbors Iran and Afghanistan. This province is dominated by mountainous terrain and has a relatively smaller population compared to the other provinces. The people of Balochistan primarily speak Balochi and Pashto. Quetta is the provinces capital and largest city. On April 15, 2010 Pakistan’s government voted to change the name of the North West Frontier Province to Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. This province lies in the northwest corner of the country neighboring Afghanistan and the Federally Administered Tribal Areas. The population is wholly made up of Pashtuns whose primary language is Pashto. The capital and cultural center for the province is Peshawar. The Federally Administered Tribal Areas are mountainous tribal lands located between Afghanistan to the west and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province to the east. The majority of the people living in these tribal lands are Pashtun Afghan refugees who fled to Pakistan during the Afghan-Soviet War in 1979 (Weightman 2011). The Soviet invasion of Afghanistan would play a significant role in the development of the terrorism and religious extremism we have in Pakistan today. In 1979 the Soviet Army invaded Afghanistan at the request of the Afghan government

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