Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices of Breastfeeding Among Rural and Urban Women

1081 Words 5 Pages
Knowledge, attitudes and practices of breastfeeding among

rural and urban women.

CHAPTER - I
INTRODUCTION
Breast milk is the effective way of ensuring child health, Breast feeding is widely accepted as a optimal feeding for the infants due to health benefits it offers to the child. Lack of breast feeding contributes to one millions of death each year globally.1A study conducted in U.S.A revealed that breast feeding can cut cost of government and saves 3.6 billion $ and also saves the lives of infants. 2Breastfeeding helps to reduce the infant mortality and morbidity especially during the first year of life. 3Neonatal mortality can be reduced by 16.3% if breastfeeding is initiated on the first day and by 23.3% if initiated with
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It is convenient to the mother. It increases the bond between mother and the child.7 Even the most refined and cautiously prepared formulae can not replicate human milk as human milk contains antibodies which cannot be mimicked in an artificial formulae.8 Despite of world wide propaganda of advantages of breast feeding among mothers still many infants are bottle fed.
UNICEF has reported that only 37% of infants below 6 months are exclusively breastfed in developing world, 29% in Europe, 45% in south Asia, 26% in middle east and 30% in sub Sahara African countries. 9 Where as in India only 46% of the infants are exclusively breastfed and 57% of children are breastfed along with complementary foods.10 National family health survey shows low prevalence of breastfeeding practices in India11 only 19.4% are exclusively breastfeeding at 6 months , 54.2% at 3 months , 33% infants are provided appropriate complementary foods, 14.5% infants are bottle fed. 12 Breast feeding should be started with in an hour of birth and encourages demand feeding. 13+ Early initiation of breastfeeding reduces breastfeeding problems and improve mother-infant relationship.2 In order to promote breastfeeding WHO in collaboration with UNICEF has launched Baby

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