Importance of the Connecticut Compromise (Great Compromise) in the Creation of the American Constit

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Importance of the Connecticut Compromise (Great Compromise) in the Creation of the American Constitution

After America was recognized as an independent country from England, the new republic went through almost twenty years worth of trial and error to find a government that would satisfy the needs of the citizens, the states, and the central national government. The most memorable, and influential, action of this time would have to be the Connecticut Compromise, proposed Roger Sherman, following the proposal of the Large and Small State plans at the Constitutional Convention of 1787. This Compromise directly affected the amount of representation from each state, and created the government system we are familiar with today.

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Tindall and Shi do not fully explore this idea, and just explain that large, mostly southern plantation states supported the idea of counting a slave as a person when it came to numbers. The only logical reason for this being left out of the reading selection is due to the fact that slavery was such a sensitive issue of the time, and wanted to direct the readers attention to the fact that James Madison wished to count a slaves population, and not the fact that in real life, slaves were not viewed as “real people.” Tindall and Shi also leave out that Edmund Randolph was a "major architect of the Virginia Plan of Union" (Ohline).

The New Jersey Plan, presented by William Paterson, supported the small, less populated states vision for a government that favored equality. Issued as rebuttal to James Madison’s plan, the Small State plan asked for an equal amount of representatives in each state as opposed to representation based on population. Once again, Tindall and Shi do not fully elaborate on the details of this plan, but instead barely scrape the surface of what is really lying beneath. It is also pointed out that "the notes of William Paterson of New Jersey were taken solely for his own use" and "are of great assistance of in following Paterson's own mind of reasoning" (Ferrand). The smaller states, many who had a small slavery population, if any at all, were by far

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