History of World Architecture: Renaissance and Baroque Era Essay

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Renaissance, Mannerism, Baroque. The Renaissance Period is one of the well known periods in the history of architecture which is later followed by another known period called the Baroque Era. The Renaissance Era in architecture begins when artists sought to create a new style which is totally different to those of its predecessor at the same time also reviving the styles of which the Romans and Greeks had done before them. This period saw the birth of many new architects that are notable for the Renaissance style; Brunelleschi, the inaugurator of the Renaissance style in Florence, Alberti in Rome, and Bramante for his inauguration of High Renaissance. The characteristics of this period are distinct in many ways. One of it is that it …show more content…
It is clear that without a logical proportion and harmony a building plan and façade would look like out of order which I assume people during this time is trying to avoid as the Renaissance was a reaction towards the disarray and chaos that the time before it had brought with to the civilization. Another characteristic in this period is that of the façade. As been mentioned above, the application of symmetry was important. Facades of buildings are symmetrical in their vertical axis. This is true when we look for examples of Renaissance building where the facades are often symmetrical and the structures such as columns and windows are focused towards the centre of the building. Another thing that is notable is that the usage of repetition in the façade where the openings of doors are often repeated with the central door or entrance is emphasized by balcony or rustication of the surrounding which can be observed in most buildings particularly in Italy during this period. The usage of circles and squares are symbols of perfection; humans tried to create the perfection of God using the geometry in the plans of buildings due to the association of the perfection of the circle with the perfection of God. In churches, the modules are often done in nine squares which are seen as a deliberate

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