Utilitarianism In Animal Testing

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Research Questions: The objective of this paper is to investigate animal welfare and cosmetology from a moral philosophical framework. Is animal testing universally unethical or contingent on circumstance? In particular, is animal testing considered unethical in the cosmetics industry? If so, how do corporate entities, governments, and citizens justify the production and purchase of cosmetic products tested on animals? Are corporations inherently wicked, are the psychopathic, innately selfish, competitive beings? Cosmetic animal testing appears to satisfy a lower form of utilitarianism. Economic reductionists argue that consumption fulfills desires; however, these desires are not necessarily “good.” Makeup promises confidence and happiness from being perceived as aesthetically beautiful, while hygiene products are supposed to bring comfort and satisfaction to the individual. Who is ultimately to blame for animal experimentation in the cosmetic industry?
I examine the moral status of non-humans from alternate utilitarian and deontology philosophical perspectives. Corporate entities are part of a larger infrastructure in which they believe they can separate their individual morality from work ethic (Thomas Hobbes theology). The
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John Frank addresses the institutional barriers between the public and industries that exploit animals, which causes the public to base consumption and political decisions on a very limited scope of information. The “Right to Know” movement encourages citizens to know information about their government. Proponents of an extreme free market, Adam Smith and Stanley Jevons, would argue that regulation is unnecessary because ethical issues can be resolved within the marketplace by consumers making choices based on their ethical preferences. However, consumer sovereignty is merely an illusion if information is restricted to the public

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