War Of 1812 DBQ

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The War of 1812 ended in a stalemate due to the lack of unity between the Americans for and against the war, as well as the different reasonings for going to war.
Previously, America was trying to stay out of the foreign war between France and Britain. However, in 1806, Britain passed the Orders in Council, which closed European ports under French control to foreign shipping. Then, Napoleon of France ordered that all merchant ships entering British ships be seized. Therefore, America could not trade with either country. It was also around this time that Britain began to impress American soldiers, approximately 6000 between 1808 and 1811. (Outside information #1) For many years, the British Government had been consistently invading the personal
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They include the War of 1812, Mexican -American War, Spanish - American War, World War I and World War II. It is congress alone that has the power to declare war; after taking in the economic, political, social,, cultural and intellectual aspects. (Outside info#2) However, the reasoning for going to war of Madison’s is greatly contrasting with John Randolph. In his speech to the house of Representatives, December 16,1811, Randolph states that the president is not going to war for protection of naval rights. Instead, it is the greed of land that inspired the war, more specifically, the conquest of Canada. (Doc 2). John Randolph’s purpose in delivering that speech was to clarify what America really was fighting for. He believed it was for land and Canada. Apparently, the president believed that it was for naval protection. The purpose of this speech was that John was trying to convince the president that the war against Britain should be for land, what the Republicans wanted, rather than naval affairs. (POV Doc.2) As is with any major idea, there are bound to be conflicting opinions. Some people supported Randolph that it was a fight for land, while other may have …show more content…
Federalists did not support the war at all, while Republicans wholeheartedly agreed. Republicans found that after years of trying for alliance and peace with Britain only ended in trouble for the Americans, so they were eager for war. Federalists sympathized with Britain and hated Napoleon (who was supported by the Republicans). The Republicans wanted to invade Canada for land, but the Federalists were fearful that acquisition of Canada would add more farmland to America, and add strength of the Jeffersonian Republicans. Additionally, Madison believed that America did not declare war, it would make America and democracy look weak. (Outside info #2) With the Federalists looking to avoid war, they would send food and supplies to the British army in Canada, which eventually allowed Britain to invade New York. Complications like this led to Congress passing trade restrictions. In 1812, Congress declared that no U.S ship or vessel was allowed to leave from any U.S port and trade with the enemy. Any ship leaving without consent would be forfeited to the U.S, as well as a fine equalling the value of the ship or cargo had to be paid to the government. (Doc 6.) The purpose of this was to ensure that Britain would be made weaker. The reasoning for the U.S to invade Canada was that British forces were weaker there. If the Federalists were sending supplies to them, it made them stronger and

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