The Renaissance And The Renaissance

Improved Essays
Renaissance is the significant era in the cultural history of Europe, which came to replace the earlier Middle Ages and was before the Enlightenment. A distinctive feature of the Renaissance is the secular nature of culture and its humanism and anthropocentrism (i.e. the interest, first of all, to the man and his activities). It was also blooming the interest towards the ancient culture, it was as the ‘rebirth’ of the culture (Brotton).
The term ‘Renaissance’ has found among the Italian humanists, for example, by Giorgio Vasari. In the modern sense the term was put into use by Jules Michelet, the French historian of XIX century. Currently, the term ‘Renaissance’ has become a metaphor for the cultural prosperity.
Renaissance is divided into
…show more content…
Late Renaissance (mid XVI - 90 years of the XVI century) (Brotton).
Early Renaissance (XIV-XV centuries) in Italian art is primarily connected with the Florence, where the Medici patronized humanists and all the arts.
Artists of Early Renaissance in Italy created a plastic one-piece, having an inner unity concept of the World. Systematically studying the nature, they drew the motifs from the everyday life, filled with traditional religious scene by the earth content. The art of the Renaissance, the main theme of which was a man-hero, gradually spread throughout Italy. In the sculpture (Ghiberti, Donatello, Quercia, Robbia, Rossellino, Verrocchio and others) it was developed the freestanding statue, the promising scenic terrain, realistic portrait bust, equestrian monument (Cole).
The Italian painting of the XV century (Masaccio, Lippi, Castagno, Uchchello, Angelico, Ghirlandaio, Pollaiuolo, Francesca, Signorelli, Bellini) was characterized by a sense of the harmonic ordering of the world, as well as by the appeal to the ethical and civic ideals of humanism, joyful perception of beauty and diversity of the real world, the love to the narration and the game by the artistic imagination (Bergin and
…show more content…
In continuation of the High Renaissance, the representation, taken from ancient architecture, were developed and put into the practice with the greater confidence (Cole).
As an example of such influence could be noted the elegant and quite simple technical solution of the dome of Santa Maria del Fiore (1436) and Palazzo Pitti by Filippo Brunelleschi, which has determined the development of the Renaissance architecture. At the same time the representative of the High Renaissance was Donato Bramante (1444-1514), strictly follow the construction of buildings in the classical principles (Cole).
The High Renaissance was characterized by geometrism, inherent to the Early Renaissance, which not only did not disappear, but even deepened. However, it was added something new: spirituality, psychology, the desire for the transfer of man 's inner world, his feelings, moods, states, character and temperament. It was developed aerial perspective; materiality of forms was achieved not only by the volume and plasticity, but also by the chiaroscuro. High Renaissance art is most fully expressed by the three artists: Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael, Michelangelo. They represent the core values of the Italian Renaissance: intelligence, harmony and strength

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    Italian Renaissance (ital. Rinascimento-"rebirth" or "born again") – a period in the history of European culture, which replaced the culture of the Middle Ages and the previous culture of modern times. Renaissance art emerged based on humanism-- currents of public thought, which originated in the XIV century. In Italy, and then during the second half of the XV and XVI centuries spread to other European countries. Humanism is proclaimed the highest value of man and his benefit.…

    • 1859 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Renaissance Individualism

    • 1168 Words
    • 5 Pages

    space became broken down mathematically in design and painting to convey an illusion of reality. This then allowed the creation of new designs and mathematical input that manifested lifestyle with spiritual aspects. One such artist was Giovanni Bellini who introduced bright, rich, strong colours into his palette and landscapes that expressed the happiness, calmness, and prosperity that Italy carried throughout the Renaissance. These characteristics and designs of paintings afterward became a preferred Venetian cornerstone. alternative necessary figures within the Renaissance that conveyed the movement s concepts through their ingenious paintings and branch of knowledge ways were Pier Della Francesca and Leon Battista Alberti.…

    • 1168 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Spanish and French Renaissance Renaissance is one of history’s shifts that have been recorded over the years. It is a French term that means rebirth. The Renaissance started in Italy in the early 1300s depending upon recapturing the classical civilizations of ancient Greece and Rome. By following the humanist movement, it focuses on building a world that its central values are human beings. Therefore, people worked on improving their own cultures, literature and art (Cox, 2015).…

    • 729 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    As a trained human and true Renaissance man, Alberti was as accomplished as an architect as he was a humanist, musician, and art theorist. Alberti was aspired to create again the glory of ancient times through architecture. His facades of the Tempio Malatestiano and the Church of Santa Maria Novella are based on the fronts of the Roman temples. He did a piece of classical architecture in the Church of Sant'Andrea, the columns here are not used decoratively, but keep their classical function as load bearing supports. Filippo Brunelleschi Filippo Brunelleschi (1377–1446) is considered as the first Renaissance architect.…

    • 855 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    This century became the golden age of grand tours. It included both cosmopolitan and rationalistic spirit that belongs to Augustan Age. Richard Lassel called out for screening the present through the eyes of classical past. This became the motto of Augustan travellers. Joseph Addison’s Remarks on Several Parts of Italy (1705) became central to other travel tales of this century.…

    • 708 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    In Brunelleschi’s Dome, Ross King discusses the life of the renowned Renaissance architect and creator of the dome that covers the Santa Maria del Fiore, Filippo Brunelleschi. Brunelleschi was a key figure during the Renaissance, where a well rounded education was promoted. This education made people well-versed in reading, writing, math, science, and other academic topics. This was also known as humanism, and it involved studying Greek and Latin sources, being less bound to tradition, and seeing things from a secular point of view. Brunelleschi shows his intelligence and creativity when he creates the dome but also engineers other machines to help in its production.…

    • 741 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Burckhardt also noticed secularism, “perfecting of the individual”, and the revival of antiquity during the Renaissance era. Renaissance Italy had…

    • 1190 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    The renaissance was a time of cultural rebirth that took place in Europe where many influential figures arose, including Michelangelo. “Faith in oneself is the best and safest course.” as Michelangelo once spoke, should be recognized and taken into perspective. To this day, Michelangelo Buonarroti has influenced society with his works of art and literature making himself the well known figure in history that he is, “If people knew how hard I worked to get my mastery, it wouldn't seem so wonderful at all.”…

    • 1120 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    In the early Renaissance, and slightly prior, Florence was considered to be a focal point of change, gaining the name “the center of the universe”, in some cases. This nickname for Florence, Italy reigns remarkably true in Florence’s impact on the Renaissance, by being a hub new and, eventually historic art, as well as influential philosophers and being a city with vast wealth and a healthy middle class. These factors made Florence a prime location for changes to begin after the Hundred Years’ War and within the peak of the black death. Florence was home to many artists that advanced Renaissance art, including Giotto, Lippi, Botticelli and Michelangelo, who all pushed for the changes in art that defined came to define “Renaissance art”. As well as these famous painters (and sculptures), Florence is home to the largest masonry dome in existence, the work of Brunelleschi, who also discovered a method to draw accurate perspective, changing painting.…

    • 728 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Vasari wrote on the lives of various Renaissance artists. In regards to the famous painter Donatello, he writes, “His works possessed so much grace and excellence and such a fine sense of design that they were considered to be more like the distinguished works of the ancient Greeks and Romans than those of any other artist who has ever existed, and he is therefore quite rightly recognized as the first artisan who properly used the device of scenes in bas-relief.” Through the writings of Vasari, we can see that the artists of the Renaissance truly desired to center their work around classical themes. As we look at the major features of the Renaissance, it is also important to look at the intellectual basis for the Renaissance, which was known as humanism. The idea of humanism wasn’t new, but this was the first time so much emphasis was placed on it. This system of thought developed after the catastrophes because people began to question how a good God can allow evil.…

    • 1347 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays

Related Topics