Renaissance and Political System Essays
Renaissance is a French term meaning rebirth or revival. Renaissance period in the history of Europe starts from the beginning of 15th century to the end of 16th century. The Renaissance manifested the transitional phase from the medieval ages to the modern era. It was a time of social and cultural changes in Europe. It is believed to be the beginning of the modern world and hence the new phase of the political system arrived. Along with society and culture, politics also changed.
Renaissance and Politics
Renaissance states had three basic forms of Government: princedoms, monarchies and oligarchies or the republics.
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As the Renaissance stretched, the Church and Monarch kings would use their assets to take on the new trends to keep pace with the changes. The requirement from contemporary and conventional rulers wasn’t only imaginative; they also had faith on the ideas generated from the Renaissance for their political approaches. The famous political thinker, Machiavelli’s well-known guide to kings – The Prince – is a work of this age’s political theory. Oligarchies, typically strained from the trade classes of the town, ruled the republics. They had a highly professional approach and initially conquered the commerce of the region. They protested and defeated the authority of prince, king, or emperor. The merchants established an organization of government through interconnected and unprejudiced committees. They created a government of unbiased supremacy and communal feeling.
There were no marked political parties or legal courts or any law making bodies other than the Church or the Monarchs in Europe at that time due to the transition in outlook of the population for Catholic Church and rulers, the people were following different ideologies in politics and national consciousness. Most of the kings were criticized