Periods Of Juvenile Justice History Essay

1737 Words 7 Pages
There are five periods of juvenile justice history. They include the colonial period, refuge period, juvenile court period, juvenile rights period, and crime control period.
The colonial period lasted from 1600s to 1800s. During the colonial American period, two influences remained constant: the authority of the parent and the role of religion. Parents continued to be given wide latitude in dealing with their children, whether through abusive or other means. An example of this can be found in the passage of the Stubborn Child Law in 1646. The Massachusetts law dictated that if a 16-year-old child was rebellious and stubborn, the parents could bring the child to court where the child could receive a death sentence. The spirit and wording of this law is very similar to biblical verses found in Deuteronomy 21:18–21, which states that a child can be put to death for being stubborn or rebellious. A revolution occurred in the 1700s, particularly in England and France, but eventually in North America. The revolution, referred to as the Age of Enlightenment, began a seismic shift in the philosophy of how criminals should be punished. The Age of Enlightenment extended to the practice of incarceration. The Penitentiary Act of 1779 called for a prison system that was secure, sanitary, subject to inspection, and intended to reform rather than simply punish. To that end, prisoners were expected to work, receive religious instruction, and were subjected to periods of solitary confinement…

Related Documents