Non-Pharmacological Therapy in Children Essays

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The Use of Non-Pharmacological Therapy in Children

The Use of Non-Pharmacological Therapy in Children
Children’s pain is multidimensional with psychological, physiological and behavioural domains, which presents unique challenges in the assessment and evaluation. These challenges require close consideration of the child’s age, prior pain experiences, developmental, cognitive and communication levels. As nurses are responsible in the assessment of children’s pain, it is appropriate to know all methods, and techniques of alleviating this uncomfortable stimuli, thus presenting the clinical question; in children, how can non-pharmacological (complementary/ alternative) methods be more beneficial in pain management compared to
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* Group 2: Complementary therapies, such as massage, hypnotherapy, meditation, yoga, and reflexology. * Group 3a: Alternative disciplines such as Chinese herbal medicine, naturopathy and Traditional Chinese Medicine. * Group 3b: Other alternative disciplines such as kinesiology, crystal therapy, and radionics.
(Mantle, 2004)
Other types of non-pharmacological techniques include cognitive techniques (breathing exercises, distraction, and imagery), emotional support (presence and comforting measures), and physical intervention (positioning, and thermal regulation) (Gorodzinsky et al., 2012, pp. 1-15). As there is a wide diversity of non-pharmacological therapies, only the most frequent and widely used methods will be examined including the benefits of each.
Distraction
Distraction is said to be the most common technique used in the emergency room in redirecting children’s focus away from painful procedures. Procedures such as venipuncture and I.V catheter insertion are examples in which distraction may be needed to suppress fear and anxiety (Srouji et al., 2010). Distraction is a cognitive based non-pharmacological approach that has been proved to be very effective in pain management and is unfortunately not implemented frequently (Carlson et al., 2000, pp. 75-85). Techniques that can be considered as distraction include listening to music, singing a

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