Mexican Push Factors

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Push-Pull Factors of Mexican Migration to United States

Mexican migration into the United States was influenced by a push and pull factor during nineteenth century and early twentieth century. The push factor was heavily influenced by Mexico’s lack of political stability as a country overall during this time period. The pull factor was influenced by the job opportunities available in the United States.
Political instability in Mexico during the late nineteenth century and early twentieth century created a push factor of Mexicans into the United States. As the end of the Mexican-American war approached in 1948, the War of Reform came about internally within Mexico (Henderson, pg 11). There was a war between liberals and conservatives which
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There were long shifts, slave-like camps, and a low life expectancy (Beginnings 1848-1920, powerpoint). Diaz’s political view to enforce these laws drive many Mexicans away from wanted to stay in their country. The lack of stability in benefitting the lower income families caused a huge push of Mexicans to want to go to the United States (Henderson, pg 13). Diaz commercialized railroads which led to the poor rural people to be displaced from their land and homes (Beginnings 1848-1920, powerpoint). Displacing these people from the homes also made the value of the land increase (Beginnings 1848-1920, powerpoint). Diaz created this new political system that only benefitted the financially well-off people, his government, and himself (Henderson, pg 16). During this time period, the United States was in the process of upbringing more railroads and westernizing the country (Henderson, pg 16). Diaz similarly wanted a part in the modernization and industrialization after some time as well (Henderson, pg 15). “Mexico had only 416 miles of railroad track; when he [Diaz] left in 1911, Mexico had 15,360 miles of track, and the United States companies and United States capital had built some 70 percent of it” (Henderson, pg …show more content…
It created a prohibitive act against Chinese. The Chinese were immensely members of United States cheap labor (Beginnings 1848-1920, powerpoint). It was a ten year agreement to ban the Chinese from immigrating to the United States (Henderson, pg 17). Given this law created, there was a dire need for cheap labor in the United States since having banned the Chinese, who were most of the labor workers previously (Henderson, pg 17). Once the Santa Fe and Southern Pacific Railroads met the Central Pacific Railroads, the mass recruitment began for cheap laborers (Henderson, pg 16).
The Immigration Act of 1917 was also known as the Asiatic Barred Zone Act (Henderson, pg 30). The act was a continuation of the previous acts involving immigration in the previous years (Xenophobia, powerpoint). The main point that affected immigration of Mexicans is the Asiatic Barred Zone which expressed that “all immigration from a region extending from Afghanistan to the Pacific”, was banned (Henderson, pg 30). The lack of immigration from the Asia area, created more jobs for Mexicans within farm labor (Xenophobia,

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