Essay on Medieval vs. Renaissance Art

898 Words 4 Pages
Medieval vs. Renaissance Art Art during the Italian Renaissance differed from art during the Middle Ages. The two have contrasting characteristics and concepts. To the people in the medieval world, religion was their life. Everything in daily life focused around the church and God (Modern World 164). Medieval culture influenced the arts; this was evident in the religious themes. During the Italian Renaissance, painters and other artists focused on the portrayal of a more humanistic way of life. Renaissance artists’ work portrayed realism with “lifelike human figures in their paintings” (Modern World 164). Renaissance artists wanted to express ancient Greek and Roman cultures in their work (Modern World 162). Italian Renaissance …show more content…
The first artist to paint realistically was the Florentine painter, Giotto, in the early 1300s. Giotto, who was born in 1276 and died in 1337, created paintings on damp plaster, or frescoes. He painted for many churches in Italy (World Book 236).
Leonardo da Vinci lived from 1452 to 1519. He was a “man of many talents. He was an architect, engineer, painter, sculptor, and scientist” (Modern World 166). One of da Vinci’s most famous paintings was the portrait of the Mona Lisa, which was painted in 1503. Another one of the works he is known for is The Last Supper, which was completed in1497. His paintings were mathematically organized. He kept miraculous sketches of the human body, trying to calculate how the human body worked, and his sketches helped him improve and strengthen his work (Modern World 166).
Michelangelo was also an important Renaissance artist. He lived from 1475 to 1564. He has been considered the “greatest sculptor in history. He was a master of portraying the human figure” (World Book 236). Frescoes painted by Michelangelo, created between the years of 1508 and 1512, are prime examples of the Italian Renaissance’s master pieces of art. Michelangelo painted the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel in the Vatican in Rome, which is where the Catholic Pope resides. Another of his famous works is the sculpture of the biblical figure, David (Modern World

Related Documents