Bullying Research “In 2008, students ages 12 to 18 were victims of about 1.2 million nonfatal crimes (theft3 plus violent crime at school, compared to about 1 million nonfatal crimes away from school The total at-school crime and theft victimization rates of students ages 12 to 18 declined between 2007 and 2008. The total crime victimization rate of students ages 12 to 18 at school declined from 57 victimizations per 1,000 students in 2007 to 47 victimizations per 1,000 students in 2008.” "Bullying." usdoh. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 May 2012. .
Bullying Deﬁned: “Bullying is commonly deﬁned as a speciﬁc type of aggressive behavior that involves intent to cause harm, occurs repeatedly, and involves a power imbalance. This deﬁnition remains the
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Little agreement exists as to whether some victims have poor social skills or are using poor coping strategies that include aggressively reacting to bullying. Hanish and Guerra found aggression and withdrawal to be predictive of victimization in the upper elementary grades. In sum, the current research suggests that children who are physically weaker and who exhibit internalizing symptoms, inattentive and hyperactive behavior, and aggression are at greater risk for victimization than their peers who do not possess these qualities.” “On the positive side, research indicates that having friends, especially ones who will help protect against peer aggression, may reduce the chances of victimization and buffer the negative consequences of victimization. Thus, support from peers may be an important interpersonal indicator that reduces children's risk for experiencing victimization. For example, Junger-Tas and Van Kesteren (1999) found that only 11% of children who have five or more friends are victimized in school, yet 51% of children who are victims of peer aggression say they have no friends. The importance of peers in shielding children from experiencing victimization may be less salient to girls. Besag (2006) found that many girls' friendships were characterized by bullying behaviors, particularly when girls' friendships involved three or more girls.” D'Esposito, S., Blake, J., & Riccio,