Job Characteristics Model

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Job design is when a position is deliberately planned to include specific tasks and goals and includes work demands, job control, and social support that ultimately leads to higher output. Job design can greatly impact employee motivation. One of the most common job design models is called the Job Characteristics Model. The job characteristics model includes skill variety, task variety, task significance, job autonomy, and feedback. Skill variety involves the amount of different skills and abilities an employee is able to utilize in their role. Task variety includes a variety of tasks that are required to complete a specific job. Task identity is the ability to accomplish a specific task to the end. Task significance is how significant an employee …show more content…
When designing a job a manager should look at the job characteristics listed in the Job Characteristics model and find ways to incorporate them into a job description for employees. By taking the time to design and implement a job description that allows an employee to use a variety of skills and abilities the employee may feel more engaged with work activities. It is also, important that a manager tries to incorporate a variety of task in the job completion process, but also remember to allow projects and task that the employee has the ability to see through from beginning to end. A manager has the ability to demonstrate to new employees and present employees how significant their job is to the company and others. When people feel they are contributing in a positive manner they are more successful, happy, and engaged. Lastly, when creating a job design it is important that management incorporates ways to allow employees to be self-directed during the task completion process. If a job is designed strategically and includes these various elements it has been found that employee enthusiasm rises as does performance levels. Lastly, a manager is responsible for providing feedback. Providing feedback allows the employee to feel valued which in turn can prompt an employee to continue to achieve great things. (Shantz, Alfes & Soane

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