Foundation And Components Of Freud's Theory Of Phychoanalysis
The theory of psychoanalysis is one of the most widely taught theories in psychology. It is therefore important for psychologists to understand the major foundations of the theory and its components, the contributions of the theory to the field of psychology, and some of the criticisms against the theory. This essay discusses these issues and at the end concludes that despite the criticisms against psychoanalysis, the theory remains highly relevant and useful in the current context because its tenets are used by different professionals.
Psychoanalysis Human development is a natural process but individuals’ development is often shaped by the experiences that they go through during different developmental stages. Numerous theories have attempted to explain lifespan development and one of them is Freud’s theory of psychoanalysis. The purpose of this essay is to describe the theory’s foundations and components, its contributions to the field of psychology, and criticisms against it.
Foundations and Components The psychoanalytic theory of …show more content…
The first psychosocial stage of development discussed by Freud is the oral stage of development (Bornstein, Vandell & Rook, 2010). This stage of development lasts from birth to one year and the erogenous zone of focus is usually the mouth. At this stage, children are gratified when they engage in oral activities such as suckling and tasting. Caregivers are responsible for feeding children at this stage and without optimal gratification, oral fixation occurs. Oral fixation makes individuals develop habits such as drinking, nail biting and smoking. Furthermore, oral fixation makes individuals develop dependent and aggressive