Discrimination Within The Private Sector Essay

1055 Words Dec 8th, 2016 5 Pages
Discrimination Although there are laws that prohibit discrimination in the labour force, studies show that about 38% of the total pay gap is probably due to gender biases (Herman, 2015). Direct discrimination is seen in allocation of promotions, wage setting, distributing lucrative clients and advanced opportunities for higher paying jobs. Indirect discrimination arises when women are harassed, discouraged or not given sufficient information for alternate employment options. These behaviours create a barrier for women to entering male-dominated, high-paying occupations (Blau and Kahn, 2016). Research by United States Academy of Sciences show that both females and males undervalue female’s abilities, which gives employers the impression that females will probably take time off work after they have children and family obligations to take care off. It is difficult to uncover cases of discrimination because payroll secrecy policy exists in private sectors, making it unlikely for courts to depict discrimination in cases. IWPR found in a survey that 60% of males and 62% of females state that they are “contractually forbidden or strongly discouraged from discussing their earnings with coworkers” (2016). Occupational Segregation It is not justified anymore to claim that the pay disparity is prevalent due to females’ greater tendency to enter lower-paying occupations compared to males. In fact, due to females receiving more education than males and gaining the same amount of…

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