Critical Thinking Essay
Over the last thirty years, the health care system has incurred dramatic changes, resulting in new advances in technology and medical theories. Greater demand for quality care by consumers, more knowledgeable patients, remarkable disease processes, shorter hospitalizations, and the continuing pressure to lower health care costs are all contributing factors in the necessary changes to the nursing practice. In order for nurses to deliver optimum care, they must develop a higher quality of thinking capability. We will review the information given in this research paper to discuss the impact of critical thinking in the nursing profession, as well as the various strategies / techniques used in assisting …show more content…
The health care system will continue to change and expand on its' newfound technologies. Consequently, the nursing practice must continue to evolve as well. Critical thinking is a necessary tool for helping to guide nurses in making clinical decisions.
Four components of critical thinking are recognizing assumptions; being aware of how assumptions shape perceptions; being able to think of and explore alternatives; and reflective uncertainty. According to Simpson and Courtney (2002), individuals who are critical thinkers become skeptical of claims to universal truths or to ultimate explanations and do not take things for granted or as real.
According to Chitty, critical thinking includes cognitive skills analyzing, applying standards, discriminating, information seeking, logical reasoning, predicting, and transforming knowledge (chapter 15, p. 390). Personal dispositions also play a role in critical thinking.
Critical thinking is a relatively new concept in nursing education. The National League of Nursing mandates that nursing programs measure critical thinking as outcome criteria for accreditation. Critical thinking can be confused with other components similar to critical thinking problem solving, clinical decision-making, and creative thinking, but having different meanings.
Problem solving is defined as a method