Critical thinking means seeking reliable knowledge. Many students fail to assess the reliability of information to which they are exposed in everyday life, let alone pursue the dissection of scientific literature. And many people are deceived and defrauded by pseudoscience. Practice in critical thinking prompts thoughtful examination of the role of science in society. This is an important outcome of a biology education, and brings us closer to addressing the Socratic dictum "The unexamined life is not worth living." A good starting point in development of critical thinking skills is use of authentic examples meaningful to the student. The popular media are rich in such material -- sports physiology, reproductive health, nutrition, fad diets, psychoactive drugs, alternative therapies, pollution, genetic engineering, and evolution. Now implementing critical thinking in Biology can be further defined as principles, which are as follows:
(I) Don 't mistake ignorance for perspective/Gather complete information.
-One of the most important-and most often violated-principles of critical thinking is thoroughness-that is, gathering of all available facts on a subject under scrutiny. Obviously, thinking requires facts, and students must recognize that faulty thinking and erroneous conclusions often stem from inadequate factual knowledge.
(II) Understand and define all terms.
-Science requires students to master many terms and concepts essential to one 's understanding of theories…