Compare And Contrast Behaviorism Constructivism And Cognitivism

2213 Words 9 Pages
Curriculum Design and Assessment
Bret Jacobsen
Western Governors University

Curriculum Design and Assessment
A. Behaviorism, Constructivism, and Cognitivism: With behaviorism, the learner is passive, they learn by external processes like positive or negative reinforcement, which are associated with special education programs in the district, and in my mind is a lower level of dealing with students in learning. In cognitivism the learning goes beyond external: is an internal process, like short and long term memory. Cognitivism focuses on how information is received, organized, stored, and retrieved by the mind. Cognitivism views the mind as an information processor like a computer. Both behaviorism and cognitivism are teacher focused, unlike constructivism, where the learner builds on personal experience, usually internal, active, and social in the learning process, where meaning is created, students solve realistic
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For example, instruction should be organized, sequenced, and presented in a manner that is understandable and meaningful to the learner, and emphasis retention and recall through the use of quality teaching practices. Cognitivism is used in developing classroom lessons and helping students learn higher order thinking skills. A common example would be, starting a lesson with an attention getter to create interest, activating prior knowledge by beginning a lesson with a review quiz, using graphic organizers to help structure and relay content, and chunking information into comprehensible or digestible parts. Skills needed for long division include: basic multiplication and division, subtraction. Sequencing instruction by teaching prerequisite skills like those mentioned will help students build prior knowledge to better learn long division. To help students remember the steps to long division, the teachers could use a mnemonic device or visual

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