Biological, Social And Educational Theories Of Student Achievement

3041 Words 13 Pages
In the field of education, the focus of educational leaders is student achievement. Educational leaders aim to ensure that students experience success by studying theories such as constructivism, cognitivism, and Maslow’s hierarchy of needs. These theories help educational leaders better understand how student learn though studying biological, social, and cultural differences that impacts students’ learning. The researcher will attempt to show how these three theories provide a framework for advancing the research in the field of education, while comparing the similarities and differences of these theories. In addition, the researcher will provide a scholarly rationale for why intersectionality theory is best aligned with my approved dissertation …show more content…
The needs are broken down into two groups’ basic needs and the need for self-actualization or growth. Maslow’s theory suggest once a need is meet, another emerge, however without the basic physiological one will not move up the pyramid. This is where education comes into play; if a student basic needs are not fulfill than learning will not occur; Hence, if a child is homeless, he/she may come to school hungry and tired, these will have an impact on this student ability to learn, because he/she maybe think about what for lunch or simply just sleeping in class due to lack of sleep. Furthermore, this theory help educational leaders’ understand how motivation helps in students’ ability to learn, along with how needs affects students behaviors, which in turn impact their learning. In addition, this theory help educational leaders to understand how to develop the overall student as a whole, to become a person that can function in society and not just focus on test scores. The research of Maslow (1954), suggest that Self-Actualization should be the priority of the learning process, and holistic education should be focus of teachers and education leaders (Maslow A. , 1954). However, Astin (2011) observed that in the present higher education system, “education continues to put a lot of emphasis on test scores, grades, …show more content…
However, many fall short due to lack of understanding the learning process and the needs of the students. There have been many reforms in the educational setting to address the issue of equity and equality; however research has shown that everyone does not learn the same way, boy uses different parts of the brain from girls, their cultures, experiences, perceptions, and needs also have to play a role in the learning process. Therefore, many policy makers have called for a more holistic form of education which focuses on developing the overall person, instead of training students to think a certain way. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs address these issues, and help educators understand how addressing the needs of the students, while providing motivation to them, can spark an interest in

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