Compare Democratic and Autocratic Leadership Essay

1290 Words May 18th, 2013 6 Pages
Leadership, a crucial element in business, can be defined as “a process of influencing the activities of an organized group toward goal achievement” (Yukl, 2013, p.76). There are four main types of leadership styles: the autocratic, democratic, paternalistic and laissez-faire leadership styles. Daft (2008, p.44) suggests that “the extent to which leaders should be boss-centered or subordinate-centered partly depends on organizational circumstances.” After taking into account the organizational circumstances, companies should be able to select suitable types of leadership styles. Therefore, it is worth arguing that the democratic style of leadership should be applied more frequently than the autocratic style of leadership, for example, in …show more content…
Followers may feel more proud and more motivated if their companies succeed. Thus, involving followers in making decisions is indispensable for strengthening the motivation. Having considered the motivation, the quality of decisions also varies in the light of the differentiated power control in two leadership styles. In autocratic style, because of less contribution from followers, companies may fail to reach creative decisions and eventually spoil the performance. In stark contrast, due to a healthy environment of communication, followers in democratic style, if have more knowledge and detailed information, can cooperate with leaders to create and select the best alternative and to achieve their compatible goals with joint efforts. In companies having flat organizational structure, for instance, Google, engineers have unprecedented right to choose which projects they work on. The feasibility is proved by pioneering products such as Gmail and Google Project Glass. (Kahney, 2008) The innovation of companies in flat organizational structure thrives when democracy is implemented. However, there is an exception. From the perspective of democratic leadership style, it is comparatively time-consuming to make collaborative efforts. After consistent consultation, democratic leaders may have to decide among overwhelming possibilities and slow down the process. In the opposite, autocratic

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