Cognitivism in Philosophy Essay

1678 Words Feb 24th, 2013 7 Pages
In this paper I will provide both sides of cognitivism and non-cognitivism and argue that non-cognitivism is superior to cognitivism and that it is also more believable. I will first explain cognitivism and non-cognitivism and break them down into smaller sections and describe the arguments for and against both. Next, I will go over the points on which cognitivism and non-cognitivism agree and disagree upon. Then, I will go over some positive and negative arguments that go along with cognitivism. After that I will talk about some positives and negatives of non-cognitivism. Finally, I will tell you where I stand on the meta-ethics argument of cognitivism and non-cognitivism and why I agree with that theory.
First thing I will go over, and
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Internalism is the claim that there is an internal and necessary connection between sincerely making a moral judgment and being motivated to act in the manner prescribed by that judgment. Because motivation internalism can be false so are all moral claims. The second argument called the Argument from Disagreement, maintains that any moral claim X requires a reason claim Y. So if killing people was wrong and true then everybody has a reason not to kill people because it’s wrong. Even if you find pleasure in killing people and you are miserable when not killing. But if you won’t get in trouble for killing, then the murderer has every reason to kill, and no reason not to do so. All moral claims are then false. A weak cognitivist theory is one which holds that moral judgments are (I) apt for evaluation in terms of truth and falsity, (II) but cannot be the result of cognitive access to moral properties and state of affairs. Weak cognitivism agrees with strong cognitivsm on premise one but disagrees with premise two. This rejects moral realism, not by denying the existence of moral fact but by denying that those facts are independent of human opinion. Moral realism is the meta-ethical view which claims that: (I) Ethical sentences express propositions, (II) some such propositions are true, (III) those propositions are made true by objective features of the world, independent of subjective opinion.

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