Causes And Effects Of Water Pollution

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Register to read the introduction… In many nations, there is always an outbreak of cholera and diseases as a result of drinking water from contaminated waters. Water-borne diseases are infectious and spread through contaminated water. Diseases are spread either directly, through flies or filth. Water is the medium for the spread of diseases, hence “water-borne diseases”. Most of them are much more common in areas with poor sanity conditions. Hepatitis, cholera, dysentery, and typhoid are the more common water-borne diseases that affect large populations. “Natural conditions have been and are drastically affected by mans activities” (Hennigan 1969). What some of us do not realize is that our actions now affect our future later. Water pollution is any chemical, biological or physical change in the quality of water, which has a harmful effect on any living thing that drinks, uses or lives in it. If individuals drink polluted water it can cause serious effects. The heart and kidneys can be negatively affected if polluted waters are consumed regularly. In fact, the effects of water pollution is said to be the leading cause of death for humans across the world. Let’s not forget our actions not only affect us but they also affect animals too. “As many as 2 million seabirds and 100,000 marine mammals die every year after eating or becoming intertwined in the debris” (Toufexis, Dorfman, Linden, Reingold 1988). The main problem caused by water pollution is that it kills life inside the water. Dead fish, crab, birds and sea gulls, dolphins, and many other animals often wind up on beaches killed by pollutants in their …show more content…
Dealing with water pollution is something everyone needs to get involved with. Learning about the issue is the greatest and most important step to take. Thankfully, there are many simple water pollution solutions we can easily adapt to that help protect out water systems. Did you know, “Every year, approximately 3.5 million metric tons of oil are released into the world’s oceans” (Levy 1984). The oil from oil spills coats everything touches. Plants become damaged; it coats feathers of birds, kills marine life and damages the ecosystem. By not disposing any chemicals and keeping all boats and other water vehicles maintained we would be saving our environment and ecosystem. “The more polluted water becomes, the more likely that harmful pollutants will evaporate into the air along with the water, increasing air pollution and causing rainwater to become acidic” (Oroian 2010). Solutions to help reduce water pollution are very simple. Just as little as conserving water whenever possible will make a difference. Doing so will prevent water shortages and will reduce the amount of dirty water that needs treatment. Another obvious and useful solution to water pollution is recycling. Many people have heard the term “reduce, reuse, recycle”, but not much has been done. Recycling turns materials that would become waste into valuable resources and reduces pollution. Littering affects our streets, bodies of water and many other things. We all need to clean up after ourselves and make smarter decisions. We need water to survive, but as water pollution worsens, our water systems become more contaminated with harmful substances. We cannot ignore the seriousness of this problem any longer, be the one to make a

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