When considering various types of governments, three of the most commonly-studied include the republic, the absolute government, and the democracy. Each of these three governmental systems have unique factors that allow them to be preferred over one another; each one has served as a viable system of government for societies in years past. However, when creating a new system of government in a given state, the republic is the ideal system of government to ensure the fairest treatment for all citizens, moving most closely to equality and justice and protecting basic liberties for all. Generally speaking, the Republic is a system that views the government as a public entity, not a private one; rather than consolidating power in the hands of
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Within this arrangement, all qualified citizens have an equal say in the creation, practice, and enforcement of legal measures, ensuring their basic freedoms are protected. Absolute government is arguably one of the worst systems of government that can exist in a given state. Elements of the absolute government allow for the perpetuation of an unfair system of rule, simply because it falls within the bloodline of a given family. Individuals who are not qualified for leadership are born into the position; they then have the authority to rule as they see fit, often completely unquestioned, potentially appointing equally unqualified individuals to serve in alternate positions of power. The opportunities for corruption and unethical behaviors are vast in an absolute government; citizens in this type of society have little to no say in the quality of their leadership, often turning to violent revolution in order to bring an end to perceived injustices (West, 2008).
Philosopher John Locke had a clear position on the notion of an absolute government: no individuals in their logical mind would willingly submit to such a government, knowing that their most basic rights can so easily be taken away from them. Stanlick (2001) asks, “Why would a person who wishes to protect his life and property submit to a government that can take both away?” When a person willingly submits to an absolute government, they are summarily taking away their own ability to maintain