Robins & Boldero (2003) propose that dyadic relationships will become more intimate and trusting as the level of consistent commensurability of a person’s actual self, and perceptions of the other’s view of his or her actual self, increases. The implication for the development of authentic leader–member relationships in unconstrained settings is that followers and leaders will be most likely to form trusting and close relationships with persons who see them as they see themselves, i.e.—persons who see their true selves. Moreover, when ought selves serve as the source of commensurability, the follower will conclude the leader bhas the same standards as meQ (Robins & Boldero, 2003, p. 64), producing interpersonal feelings of
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For instance, if both members of the relationship value confidence as an ideal, but one member is much more confident than the other, the more and less confident partners are likely to assume the leader and follower roles, respectively. Together, the two partners can cooperate as a team in displaying greater confidence toward others, with the leader serving as team spokesperson. Consistent with Hogg’s (2001) argument that the most prototypical group members will emerge as leaders, Robins and Boldero speculate that the enactment of the leader and follower roles based on the levels of desired attributes will extend beyond dyads to groups and organizations. The implication for authentic leadership development within unconstrained contexts is that in groups and organizations where authenticity is a quality of members’ ideal selves, the most authentic members will emerge as leaders, and followers will work in cooperation with the leader to achieve desired goals, including a positive ethical climate.
When ought and/or ideal selves of relational partners are not congruent, Robins & Boldero (2003) predict more superficial, hierarchical, or dominant roles and relationships will emerge. In addition, they note that consistent commensurability is less likely to occur in constrained settings where people who share relatively little overlap in their self-aspects are required to work together. In such cases, the