Antibiotic Resistance

Improved Essays
Human Antibiotics Resistance and Food Animal Production

Antibiotics are one of the most successful treatments in medicine that save millions of lives, and definitely decrease morbidity and mortality rates caused by infections. However, misusing of antibiotics can cause antibiotic resistance, which means that the bacteria that cause the infection become resistance to the antibiotics so they are no longer effective. Antibiotic resistance is a serious rising threat to the global public health that affects millions of people. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), more than two million people every year in the United States get infections that are resistant to antibiotics, and at least 23,000 people die as a result (CDC, ##). More specifically, the World Health Organization (WHO) stated that there are high proportions of antibiotic resistance in bacteria that cause common infections (e.g. urinary tract infections, pneumonia, and bloodstream infections), tuberculosis, and malaria in all regions of the world. The growing numbers of antibiotic resistance cases contribute to economic and clinical burden on health care facilities, as the patients become resistance to first line treatments and more
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Based on surveys conducted by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Many large meat and poultry producers routinely administer antibiotics to healthy animals at low doses for nontherapeutic reasons. The purpose of this routine is to offset the effects of overcrowding of animals, poor sanitation, and to promote faster growth without using much food. This practice is definitely unethical as it contributes to the rising crisis of antibiotic resistance in humans (Pew, ##). Many public health organizations took steps to address this

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