Adult Learning Theory - Essay

1212 Words Jun 4th, 2012 5 Pages
Adult Learning Theory Are people too stubborn and independent to learn once they become adults? The Adult Learning Theory focuses on the difference between how adults learn and how children learn. There are three main central ideas that support the Adult Learning Theory. These ideas or theories are known as andragogy, self-directed learning, and transformational learning. Andragogy is the teaching of adults, self-directed learning is the individual controlling their learning, and transformational learning is the individual learning from life experiences. The term andragogy was first used in 1833 by Alexander Kapp, but Malcolm Knowles was the first person to theorize it. Andragogy focuses more on the learner instead of the teacher. For …show more content…
It gives them their independence and let's them still act like adults. This theory makes you have to read the material and learn everything on your own, so this definitely puts a lot more responsibility on adults being able to teach themselves the material. This theory is very effective, because it makes learning easier for people that work, have kids, and do extra curricular activities. Night classes, online classes, and off campus courses are offered now, which encourages people to go back to school and allows them to finish their degree without giving up their other obligations. The last theory is the transformational theory. This theory focuses on the cognitive process. Adults take what they have learned and make meaning out of it. For example, seeing a picture of a bird and being able to put the word bird with the picture. That is pretty much exactly what the cognitive process is about. When adults learn something, they need to be able to take what they have learned and use it in a real life situation. That is why when we see 2+2, we know it equals 4. We take what we learn and use it to solve everyday problems. This theory is applied when a teacher gives you a diagnostic test at the beginning of a semester and you answer 5 out of 30 questions right, then at the end of the semester, you get the same test and you get all of the

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