4g Technology. Essay

2504 Words Aug 28th, 2012 11 Pages
ABSTRACT

4G TECHNOLOGIES
Wireless technology has transformed our lives in many ways. Until very recently, we needed a computer wired to a port, to get online. Even wired telephones are becoming a thing of past. Nowadays, we use our mobile phones for banking, to check ticket availability at a Cinema Hall, and many more. Wireless communication is the transfer of information over a distance without the use of enhanced electrical conductors or "wires”. And, Wireless networking refers to any kind of networking that does not involve cables. It helps in saving the cost of cables for networking in addition to providing the mobility. There are different types of wireless networks defined on the basis of their size, range and data transfer
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ITU’s IMT-2000 is a, global standard for 3G. 3G networks are wide area cellular telephone networks which have evolved to incorporate high-speed internet access and video telephony. It offers large capacity and broadband capabilities. It has greater network capacity through improved spectrum efficiency. 3G technology supports around 144 Kbps, with high speed movement, i.e. in a vehicle, 384 Kbps locally, and up to 2Mbps for fixed stations, i.e. in a building. 3G technology uses CDMA, TDMA and FDMA. The data are sent through Packet Switching. Voice calls are interpreted through Circuit Switching. It is a highly sophisticated form of communication that has come up in the last decade. 3G has the following enhancements over 2.5G and previous networks:
· Enhanced audio and video streaming;
· Several Times higher data speed;
· Video-conferencing support;
· Web and WAP browsing at higher speeds;
· IPTV (TV through the Internet) support.
· Global Roaming
There are many 3G technologies as W-CDMA, CDMA2000. UMTS, DECT, WiMAX. 3.5G – HSDPA (High-Speed Downlink Packet Access)
High-Speed Downlink Packet Access (HSDPA) is a mobile telephony protocol, also called 3.5G. It is an enhanced version and the next intermediate generation of 3G UMTS allowing for higher data transfer speeds. HSDPA is a packet-based data service in

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