Marcel Mauss

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  • Marcel Mauss The Gift Analysis

    Marcel Mauss’s essay titled “The Gift” published in 1925, focused on the way exchange of objects between groups, builds relationships between them. He argued that giving an object creates an inherent obligation on the receiver to reciprocate the gift, thus resulting in a series of exchanges between groups, therefore providing us with one of the earliest forms of social solidarity used by humans. Mauss describes Melanesian and Polynesian peoples, gift economy as one of material and moral life, it is exemplified in gift exchange, the functions there in a manner at once interested and obligatory. Furthermore, the obligation is expressed in myth, symbolically and collectively. Mauss finds within gift exchange an analytical idea that is, uniquely ethnographic. Those peoples who were exchanging gifts also understood obligations to be that of an abstract ideal, one that could be…

    Words: 706 - Pages: 3
  • Cligget And Mauss: The Themes Of The Gift Economy Within The West African Economy

    also be an association with trans national corporations such as Coco-Cola or Budweiser for example, which would be some of the brands included gift exchange. Although I believe the trend economy is slowly outdating, it still plays a vital role in the effectiveness of stability of many cultures globally. Cligget concludes by suggesting that gifts or gestures of alliances translate to old-age security. Also, in the Zambian case, gift remitting says much about the strategic decision-making and…

    Words: 1619 - Pages: 7
  • Analysis Of Marcel Mauss The Gift

    This essay will critically analyze Marcel Mauss’ The Gift findings and theories about the honor, gift, and concept of “pure” or "free" gifts in the absence of an agenda. In doing so, he will integrate the use of these ideas and notions by the variety of writing theorists into the contemporary issues of using gifts and exchanging and sharing in the modern societies. However The Gift received a lot of criticism when it seems confronted with some of the assumptions incompatible with…

    Words: 854 - Pages: 4
  • Concept Of Oloa

    that permeated through. Gifts are meant to hold sentimental value, which is part of the reason why gifts are exchanged today. Yet, is there anything else that makes gifts more intriguing to what we see today? Marcel Mauss, a French sociologist , published The Gift in which he studied Polynesian culture and the intricate…

    Words: 1080 - Pages: 5
  • Communism And Capitalism In Ongka

    In America, it is understood that one exchanges their time and labor for money, and the amount of money they receive it for determines their status in society. Many people believe that all other economies are moving toward this capitalist economy because they are under the impression that such an economy is the most advanced a nation could possibly become. A popular type of economy that currently coexists with capitalism is a gift-giving economy. Though now they exist in a kind of symbiotic…

    Words: 1656 - Pages: 7
  • Marcel Mauss Theory Of Gift Giving

    focus primarily on Marcel Mauss and his theory of the gift, while its successive section on the various criticisms of Mauss’ theory by different sociologists and anthropologists. In the fifth section, we will look at the paradox of the “pure gift” and unidirectional giving. In the last section, we shall examine as to why for a gift to be a gift, a loss or sacrifice is necessary. What is a gift? A gift…

    Words: 1138 - Pages: 5
  • Ethnographic Case Study Marcel Mauss

    The ethnographic case studies written by Marcel Mauss; The gift, thieving a chance by Rebecca prentice and Tongan women and migratory circuits of wealth by Ping-Ann Addo are all uniquely different, representing different traditions as well as different concepts based on their way of life. However, these three case studies, regardless of the differences in their concepts of culture, all represents similar traditions. These case studies all follow the rule of reciprocity, exchange, gifting and…

    Words: 1782 - Pages: 8
  • Case Study: The Circored Project

    The Circored Project was the beginning of a new technology using the new mini mills. In 1995, Cleveland Cliffs of Cleveland, Ohio partnered with the German Company Lurgi Metallurgie and LTV Steel. The key points to the Circored Project was project managers, changes to the management and design and market turmoil. A project manager must inspire a shared vision, be a good communicator, able to delegate tasks and be great at problem solving skills. Cliff Associates Limited(CAL), Ray von Bitter was…

    Words: 920 - Pages: 4
  • Dancing Mutants Analysis

    It is undeniable that culture impacts art. When it comes to modern art, some of the most notable causes of changing are the World Wars, the corrupted society, and polluted environment. A lot of modern art paintings are abstract, which helps deepen the understanding and interpretation. Besides, it does not matter where it is in the world, art takes the same drive for innovating. This analysis will talk about two paintings in two different countries: “Dancing Mutants” by the Filipino artist…

    Words: 962 - Pages: 4
  • The Meaning Of Art In Roger Scruton's Why Beauty Matter

    the urinal that Marcel Duchamp titled Fountain. Roger Scruton made it very clear throughout the film that he did not understand this creation, and that Marcel Duchamp used it to make a mockery out of art. It is hard to see how a urinal could become such a highly acclaimed art piece that sparked the start of several strange art pieces that has started in recent years. One thing Scruton said in the film was, “art is a work of art, because we think of it as such.” The viewers of a painting,…

    Words: 1046 - Pages: 4
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