Integrated circuit

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    The history of computing technology can be organized into four distinct generations, each defined by a distinct transformation in technological innovation. The first generation stretched from 1947-1957, and is identifiable by its use of vacuum tube technology. This generation transitioned into the second generation during the late 1950’s with the use of transistors. Subsequently in the 1960’s the third generation began, classified by its use of integrated circuits. The fourth generation of computers became prominent in the 1970’s with use of microprocessors, and some argue that 2016 computers continue to be part of this fourth generation of technology. Others, however, view modern technology as a part of a whole new fifth generation: classified…

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    Introduction: Analog Devices Inc. was established 1965 in Cambridge, Massachusetts. It was started by Ray Stata & Mathew Lorber. There were a leading manufacturer of integrated circuits that were used to convert analog and digital data form. The company's principal products were divided among four classifications which were general-purpose, standard-function linear, special-purpose linear, Digital-signal processing ICs & Assembled products. SLICS were the largest product segment for the…

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    Evolution Of Technology

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    Types of machines and systems to help people calculate and keep track of numbers and accounting have been around for thousands of years. For example the abacus was used sense the 13th century to help people calculate, it was used in every civilization from the Native Americans to the Egyptians. The computer was born of these same basic ideas but just further improved the accuracy and speed. From the abacus to tabulating machines to computers the technology has not stopped improving and becoming…

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    SIC ‘3672’ print circuit board, SIC ‘3675’ electronic capacitors, SIC ‘3576’ electronic resistors, SIC ‘3677’ electronic coils and transformers and other inductors, SIC ‘3678’ electronic connectors and SIC ‘3679’ electronic components are not categorised as semiconductor technology on the database. Technologies from these SIC codes are strongly connected with circuit designs and developed within the semiconductor industry. They are considered an integral part of the industry; for the above…

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    Computer Hardware: Everything Your Computer Needs To Operate A Computer is made up of various components in order for the computer or laptop to operate here is a list of components that a computer, Laptop will use in order to function correctly. Motherboard: A Motherboard is the main printed circuit board it contains connectors and expansion ports for attaching additional peripherals to the main board almost all main boards contain logical and commonly used input devices such as PS2 connectors…

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    In 1958, Jack Kilby and Robert Noyce revealed the integrated circuit which is known to us as the computer chip. As mentioned earlier, this invention would not have been accomplished without the invention of the microchip transistor. As years go on, Douglas Engelbart shows a prototype of a modern computer with a mouse and a graphical user interface. This imprinted the evolution of the computer from a specialized machine to technology that is accessible abroad. In 1969, a group of developers at…

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    The another advantage of this ADC is it is less complex because the DAC circuit is not used in the ADC architecture. The main drawback of this ADC is that it is only suitable for low bandwidth input signals. 4.2 Summary of ADC Architectures All the most popular ADC architectures have been explained in detail in previous sections. The flash ADC architecture is the fastest, the SAR ADC gives low power applications, the ∑∆ ADC is useful for high resolution applications. All the ADCs have…

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    was created in the goal of increasing speed, it began to solve the problems of large size and power consumption. The next big step in hardware led to the third generation of computers; in 1958, Jack Kilby of Texas Instruments discovered the integrated circuit. This advancement packed more transistors onto a single chip, allowing yet again faster speeds (Piguet). The integrated circuit accomplished reduced power consumption without intending to as well. As computers became more widespread…

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    Silicon is one of the semiconductor material.It is available in some parts of the earth and it is used for making many electronic components like transistors, diodes. Sometimes the Germanium is also used, because it 's also a semiconductor material. Integrated circuits & microchips are made up of with this silicon. Because it can withstand in the higher temperature.Silicons are obtained from the sand .The sand has a higher percentage of silicon dioxide. Gold Gold is used in many places in the…

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    of the optimized p- and n-type OFETs with the asymmetric Au and LiF/Al electrodes using COC-passivated HfOX dielectrics exhibited high gains, good noise margins, and slight hysteresis under ambient conditions. ______________________________________________________________________ ∗ Corresponding author. Tel.: +82 2 3290 3135; Fax: +82 2 3290 3121. E-mail address: jhc@korea.ac.kr (J.-H. Choi). Keywords: Organic field-effect transistors (OFETs); HfOX dielectrics; Cyclic olefin copolymer (COC);…

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