Intelligentsia

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    about the first Intelligently and how it started, under the Soviet rule and many other things. Third would be about Russia’s Intellectual problem or problems, and fourth is Origins of Russian Intellectual Culture. Fifth and finally will be about the of Russian Intellectuals. Some of these things will probably contain extra information, but this is just a general summary. The word Intellectual or Intellectuals is a person or people possessing a highly developed intellect. Intelligentsia is a word to identified Russian Intellectual. This word came or was based on a word of Latin origin and it meaning is intelligence. In the 1870s this word was used for Russian Intellectual. The word supplied a taxonomic label for a distinct group of people whose professional identity or public function were no longer described by the traditional categories of the Russian social structure into which they were born, nor did they fit the categories of the state’s own rankings and definitions of state service.("Russian Intelligentsia -…

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    The intelligentsia, a bourgeois class in pre-Revolutionary Russia, were a group of people that acted as a leadership role in shaping Russian culture and politics. According to Sheila Fitzpatrick, author of The Cultural Front and Modern Russian Historian, states that "the old intelligentsia had 'real culture '…and being products of a prerevolutionary bourgeois upbringing…they knew how to behave in a cultured manner in good society." It was in the late thirties that Josef Stalin both declared…

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    In the final paper, I plan to explore what leads Russian intelligentsia participating in the 1870s-1880s populism movement to use violence as the main form of political struggle. After the failure of nihilism to bring about social changes that addressed the frustrated expectations following the emancipation of serfs, populism took over as the dominant orientation of the intelligentsia. As before, the intelligentsia regarded as their responsibility to improve the social, economic and moral…

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    Access to special privileges was an essential part of soviet life underneath the regime of Joseph Stalin. Under Stalin acquiring goods became all about who you know. In her research Sheila Fitzpatrick comes across a quote from one of the participants in the Harvard Project who sums up the system, “One must have not 100 rubles but 100 friends.” Those lucky enough to have connections had access to special privileges and goods that were hard to come by. These privileges ranged from access to food,…

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    Passage B states that Alexander’s reforms can only be considered radical only when compared to the actions of Russia’s previous leaders, as they were pro- Russification. Passage B argues that the government attempt to modernise Russia left the intelligentsia alienated. However intelligentsia were alienated, as only Slavophil’s were against modernisation whilst Westernisers supported Russian modernisation. Passage B argues that alienating the intelligentsia undermined the stability of the regime,…

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    changes coming. The tsarist system, she writes, weakened the reforms that Tsar Nicholas II put in place. Even though he established the Duma, Fitzpatrick explains, “The old arbitrary habits of autocratic rule and the continued activity of the secret police undermined these concessions.” After emancipation, the peasants were “living with one foot in the traditional village world and the other in the quite different world of the modern industrial town.” It was difficult to “transition to…

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    Life Above All Essay

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    In order for me to make a clear argument about Self-realization and Self-sufficiency in Life, Above All, I will use Mamdani’s analysis (1994). He makes the four main arguments One, there can be no renaissance without an intelligentsia to drive it. Two, an African Renaissance requires an African-focused intelligentsia to drive it. Third, let us reflect on the sober morning-after realization that South Africa lacks an African-focused intelligentsia in critical numbers. Finally, there is a need to…

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    Road to Revolution Protest and Revolution in Russian- Intelligentsia Japan: Transformation Without Revolution - Sino Japanese War Japan’s Industrial Revolution - Effects of Culture and Society Russia became profoundly unstable. A group of radical Intelligentsia became increasingly active during this time it is a Russian word for articulate intellectuals as a class. One of the most active Marxist leaders was Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov who was known as Lenin, who lead the Russian group called the…

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    only in hindsight.” Pipes explains that hardly anyone in Russia, including Lenin, predicted that a revolution was coming. He explains that there was still heavy foreign investment in Russia, indicating that other powers were also caught off guard by the fall of tsarism. Pipes also downplays strikes as an example of the growing inevitability of the collapse, because, as he points out, there were “an unprecedented number of strikes,” but this was a phenomenon occurring in both the United…

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    The intelligentsia is a social class of people who looked to play a role in influencing the culture and politics of a society, in this case, Russia. By emancipating the serfs, the Tsar would appease the intelligentsia as they had tried to pressure the Tsar to reform and bring change, as they had argued to liberalise and try to get the Tsar to bring equality to the people. The intelligentsia did not have many numbers yet they posed notable resistance to the autocracy, challenging it and the Tsar.…

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