Gynecology

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    The medical removal of a fallopian tube and an ovary is called a unilateral oophorectomy. A bilateral oophorectomy is the process of removing both sets of fallopian tubes and ovaries. The way that an oophorectomy was performed began to change, in the 1990s. The risk in women who have no family past of the disease is less than 1%. Removing the ovaries increases the risk of cardiovascular disease and speeds up osteoporosis unless a woman starts taking a prescribed hormone replacements. Of all cancers, ovarian cancer accounts for only 4% in women. An oophorectomy may be considered after the age of 35 if childbearing is finished, for women at increased risk. A woman's risk of developing ovarian cancer include age (occurring after menopause), the manifestation of a mutation in the BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene, the amount of menstrual periods a woman has had (affected by age, pregnancy, breastfeeding, and oral contraceptive use), history of breast cancer, diet, and family history. The rate of ovarian cancer is highest among American Indian (17.5 cases per 100,000 population), Caucasian (15.8 per 100,000), Vietnamese (13.8 per 100,000), Caucasian Hispanic (12.1 per 100,000), and Hawaiian (11.8 per 100,000) women; it is lowest among Korean (7.0 per 100,000) and Chinese (9.3 per 100,000) women. African American women have an ovarian cancer incidence of 10.2 per 100,000 population. (Encyclopedia of Surgery, n.d.) Before the surgical procedure, your physician will order blood and urine tests,…

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    Pcos Case Study

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    • PCOS carries with it body changes that may be more troubling for a female than the actual cause of these changes. What body changes may affect the female? How does the nurse practitioner address these with the patient? What education and counseling does the nurse practitioner offer? Patients with Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) have a multispecialty hormonal disorder presenting with irregular menses or anovulatory and body changes resulting from signs of hyperandrogenis such as acne,…

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    Case Summary Savannah is a 16-year-old healthy student female who came with her mother for a routine pre-participation softball sports exam. The visit is to promote and establish professional interaction between adolescent patient and healthcare provider. The immunizations are up-to-date and an interview conducted. Unfortunately, during the assessment was revealed that Savannah is engaging in unprotected sex. Therefore, counseling for birth control was given, and Savannah scheduled to return…

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    Ectopic Anatomy

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    Introduction Pelvic pain can result from disorders of the gastrointestinal, urinary, or reproductive systems. Diagnosing the etiology of pain can be difficult, and clinical and laboratory evaluation is often not sufficient. In pediatrics, ultrasonography (US) is generally the primary imaging modality used in the initial evaluation of pelvic pain, with radiographs and cross-sectional imaging reserved for further work-up or specific indications. In pelvic emergencies, radiological findings…

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    Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine system disorder among women of reproductive age. (Clinic, 2014) Polycystic ovary syndrome is a hyperandrogenic disorder associated with chronic oligo-anovulation and polycystic ovarian morphology. It is often associated with psychological impairments, including depression and other mood disorders and metabolic derangements, chiefly insulin resistance and compensatory hyperinsulinemia, which is recognized as a major factor responsible for…

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    Polycystic ovary syndrome is an endocrine system disorder that affects women. Women with this condition may have enlarged ovaries that have collections of fluid. These small collections of fluid are called follicles. Women with polycystic ovary syndrome may experience changes such as acne, excess hair growth, obesity and irregular menstrual periods. More serious side affects include heart disease and type 2 diabetes if not treated. To be diagnosed with PCOS, a doctor will look for two of the…

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    Dermoid ovarian cysts, or mature cystic teratomas, are a nonfunctional type of cyst that forms on the ovary. This type of cyst is the most common type of germ cell tumor (Mo et al. 2013). This disease was of interest to me because I have had an ovarian cyst before, although mine was a different type, I had similar complications that normally follow a dermoid ovarian cyst. Causes of the disease and symptoms Dermoid ovarian cysts develop when totipotent germ cells become over stimulated in women…

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    Pcos Case Study

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    • PCOS carries with it body changes that may be more troubling for a female than the actual cause of these changes. What body changes may affect the female? How does the nurse practitioner address these with the patient? What education and counseling does the nurse practitioner offer? PCOS is the most common endocrine disease affecting women. There are multiple changes that occur within the body due to PCOS. PCOS causes an increase of LH, resulting in hyperandrogenism; in PCOS FSH is decreased.…

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    Herlyn-werner-wunderlich syndrome – A case report of 2 patient ABSTRACT Herlyn-Werner-wunderlich syndrome is a rare mullerian duct anomaly also known as obstructed hemivagina and ipsilateral renal anomaly (OHVIRA). It is a complex of structural abnormalities of female urogenital tract. Patients are usually asymptomatic until menarche. After menarche patients present with acute abdominal pain. During embryogenesis, the Mullerian (paramesonephric) ducts represent the primordial components of the…

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    Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

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    Polycystic ovary syndrome is an endocrine system disorder that affects women. Women with this condition may have englared ovaries that have collections of fluid. These small collections of fluid are called follicles. Women with polycsyic ovary syndrome may expertise changes such as acne, excess hair growth, obesity and irregualr menstrual periods. More serious side affects include heart disease and type 2 diabetes if not treated. To be diagnosed with PCOS, a doctor will look for two of the…

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