The medical removal of a fallopian tube and an ovary is called a unilateral oophorectomy. A bilateral oophorectomy is the process of removing both sets of fallopian tubes and ovaries.
The way that an oophorectomy was performed began to change, in the 1990s. The risk in women who have no family past of the disease is less than 1%. Removing the ovaries increases the risk of cardiovascular disease and speeds up osteoporosis unless a woman starts taking a prescribed hormone replacements.
Of all cancers, ovarian cancer accounts for only 4% in women. An oophorectomy may be considered after the age of 35 if childbearing is finished, for women at increased risk. A woman's risk of developing ovarian cancer include age (occurring after menopause), the manifestation of a mutation in the BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene, the amount of menstrual periods a woman has had (affected by age, pregnancy, breastfeeding, and oral contraceptive use), history of breast cancer, diet, and family history. The rate of ovarian cancer is highest among American Indian (17.5 cases per 100,000 population), Caucasian (15.8 per 100,000), Vietnamese (13.8 per 100,000), Caucasian Hispanic (12.1 per 100,000), and Hawaiian (11.8 per 100,000) women; it is lowest among Korean (7.0 per 100,000) and Chinese (9.3 per 100,000) women. African American women have an ovarian cancer incidence of 10.2 per 100,000 population. (Encyclopedia of Surgery, n.d.)
Before the surgical procedure, your physician will order blood and urine tests,…