Andre Gunder Frank

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    European Modernity

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    pre-1990s, holding the more Eurocentric outlook that modernity can be characterised as a ‘product of Europe’. Historians such as Prasenjit Duara, Michael Adas, Antoine-Nicolas de Condorcet, C. Delisle Burns and Edward B. Taylor hold this idea of modernity coming from Europe through means such as industrialisation, capitalism, urbanisation, nationhood and secularisation with these then spreading to other cultures and countries directly from occidental nations – as Burns states when suggesting that ‘the modern…is Western in origin’ . However the Eurocentric view of modernity is less convincing when placed next to more recent historical writings that point towards two other historical theories of modernity: Global Modernity (suggested by Andre Gunder Frank, Kenneth Pomeranz and R.B. Marks) or Multiple Modernities (suggested by S.N Eisenstadt, D.P. Gaonkar, C.A. Bayly and M.J. Lauzon). The former proposing, as a “fix” to the Eurocentric view of modernity, that it was not, in fact, solely Europe that should be credited, but other countries around the globe too that also contributed to what the outcome of modernity became. The latter instead suggests that it is not simply where modernity comes from (even if one does not centralise this view around Europe) but instead one must consider the fact that the West’s period of modernity is not synonymous with the rest of the globe and would not be comparable to a group of Bedouins untouched by westernisation for example, therefore there…

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    Lydia Darragh

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    said “A few years later the couple moved to America, settling in Philadelphia with it’s large Quaker community. “ And from the same website it also said “Although the Quakers were pacifists - and most remained neutral during the Revolutionary War - the Darraghs secretly supported the rebel cause.” After they moved to Philadelphia Lydia gave birth to 9 children but 4 died in infancy, so she raised 5 children. William Darragh continued his job as a tutor while Lydia worked as a housewife. So you…

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    Introduction Magical realism captures the fantastic side of reality ,and it achieves its effect by mixing elements associated with realism and elements related with fantasy. These two worlds undergo a merging and become one. The term “magical realism” was first introduced by German art critic Franz Roh who considered magical realism an art category. Roh influenced many writers around the world ,and one of them is Lois Lowry. This paper will discuss some major characteristic of magical…

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    changed the way art was defined, this was known as the surrealist art movement. Surrealism originated in the late 1910s and early 20s as a literary movement that experimented with a new form of expression called automatic writing or automatism. In Paris in 1924 the publication of the manifesto of surrealism by poet, Andre Breton made surrealism an international and political movement. Many artists and poets such as Louis Aragon (1897–1982), Paul Éluard (1895–1952), and Philippe Soupault…

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    Salvador Dali Salvador Dali The Persistence of Memory Metamorphosis of Narcissus The Ecumenical Council Surrealism was a time period that started in 1924 and ended in 1966. It scorned the idea of rationalism or writings of realism, and heavily used psychoanalysis. They had elements of primitivism and mythism as well as they went to treat the unconcious mind. They thought that rationality was a…

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    Rafael Nadal is a professional tennis player. He is a twenty nine year Spaniard. At this time, Nadal is ranked number eight in the world. Since turning pro in 2001, he has won countless tournaments. A few of these tournaments include: the French Open, the US Open, and Wimbledon. After watching the US Open these past two weeks, I decided to write this paper on him because he a very well-known athlete due to a particular set of rituals that he performs before and during his matches. Rafael…

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    Music Analysis: Hey Ya !

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    Grammy Awards. Written by Andre 3000, a member of the hip hop duo, Outkast. It’s music video features a live performance by a band, whose all eight members are played by Andre himself. “Hey Ya!” takes it’s influences from funk, rap, and rock music to celebrate the relationships between men and women in the 2000’s and the importance of an individual's happiness. But according to the Writer Andre 3000, “Hey Ya!” is actually about his inability to maintain a relationship, and a quest to find…

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    The Surrealist Movement was a creative effort to established a new style. Prominent figures and influencers during this twentieth-century movement were Karl Marx, Sigmund Freud, André Breton, and Max Ernest (Dickerson 213). As a way to diverge from previous writing and artistic norms, artists began to use the idea of the unconscious mind as a way to better exemplify one's own imagination and mind. In the works "The Tell-Tale Heart" by Edgar Allan Poe, and The Persistence of Memory by Salvador…

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    Surrealism by definition is, “the principles, ideals, or practice of producing fantastic or incongruous imagery or effects in art, literature, film, or theater by means of unnatural or irrational juxtapositions and combinations” ( Merriam-Webster., web). One may could say Salvador Dali took this to heart in most if not all of his art pieces. The idea of juxtaposition, or the putting together items that would not naturally be together. One example of this from Dali’s catalog would be The Burning…

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    Truffaut's Auteur Theory

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    Now that we have a foundation for how to encompass what determines an author and how to finite our definition, the theorists of week three begin to hone in our concept to a more narrow ideology. This week centers on the larger question of ‘what is an Author?’ Janet Staiger opens this week by listing problems with authorship studies, Francois Truffaut follows with his negative opinions of French cinema and what appears to be a form of authorship existing there, and Andre Bazin closes the week…

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