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42 Cards in this Set

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Specific events or chronic pressures that place demands on a person or threaten the person's well-being.


The physical and psychological response to internal or external stressors.

Health Psychology

The subfield of psychology concerned with ways psychological factors influence the causes and treatment of physical illness and the maintenance of health.

Chronic Stressors

Sources of stress that occur continuously or repeatedly.

Fight-or-Flight Response

An emotional and physiological reaction to an emergency that increases readiness for an action.

General Adaption Syndrome (GAS)

A three-stage physiological stress response that appears regardless of the stressor that is encountered.

GAS Alarm Phase

The body rapidly mobilizes its resources to respond to the threat.

GAS Resistance Phase

The body adapts to its high state of arousal as it tries to cope with the stressor.

GAS Exhaustion Phase

The body's resistance collapses.


Caps at the ends of each chromosome that protect the ends of chromosomes and prevent them from sticking to each other.


An enzyme that rebuilds telomeres at the tips of chromosomes.

Immune System

A complex response system that protects the body from bacteria, viruses, and other foreign substances.


White blood cells that produce antibodies that fight infection, including T cells and B cells.

Type A Behaviour Pattern

A tendency toward easily aroused hostility, impatience, a sense of time urgency, and competitive achievement strivings.

Primary Appraisal

The interpretation of a stimulus as stressful or not.

Secondary Appraisal

Determining whether the stressor is something you can handle or not.


A state of physical, emotional, and mental exhaustion created by long-term involvement in an emotionally demanding situation and accompanied by lowered performance and motivation.

Repressive Coping

Avoiding situations or thoughts that are reminders of a stressor and maintaining an artificially positive viewpoint.

Rational Coping

Facing the stressor and working to overcome it.


Finding a new or creative way to think about a stressor that reduces its threat.

Stress Inoculation Training (SIT)

A reframing technique that helps people to cope with stressful situations by developing positive ways to think about the situation.


The practice of intentional contemplation.

Electromyography (EMG)

A technique used to measure the subtle activity of muscles.

Relaxation Therapy

A technique for reducing tension by consciously relaxing muscles of the body.

Relaxation Response

A condition of reduced muscle tension, cortical activity, heart rate, breathing rate, and blood pressure.


The use of an external monitoring device to obtain information about a bodily function and possibly gain control over that function.

Aerobic Exercise

Exercise that increases heart rate and oxygen intake for a sustained period.

Social Support

Aid gained through interacting with others.


Affiliation with or engagement in the practices of a particular religion.


Having belief in and engagement with some higher power, not necessarily linked to any particular religion.

Sickness Response

A coordinated, adaptive set or reactions to illness organized by the brain.


Proteins that circulate through the body and communicate among the other white blood cells, and also communicate the sickness response to the brain.


A condition in which all the sickness machinery runs at full speed.

Psychosomatic Illness

An interaction between mind and body that can produce an illness.

Somatic Symptom Disorders

A person with at least one bodily symptom displays significant health-related anxiety, expresses disproportionate concerns about their symptoms, and devotes excessive time and energy to their symptoms or health concerns.

Sick Role

A socially recognized set of rights and obligations linked with illness.


A type of behaviour where some people feign medical or psychological symptoms to achieve something they want.


An ability to become involved in life's tasks and encounters rather than just dabbling.


The expectation that they actions and words have a casual influence over their lives and environment.


Undertaking change and accepting opportunities for growth.


The exercise of voluntary control over the self to bring the self into line with preferred standards.

Illusion of Unique Invulnerability

A systematic bias toward believing that they are less likely to fall victim to the problem than are others.