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32 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Social psychology

Study of how living among others influence thought, feeling and behavior


Inferences made about the causes of others people's behaviour

Dispositional (internal)

Situational (external)

Fundamental attribution error

When looking at other people's behaviour we are more likely to use external over internal


Models about the social world


Schemas of how people are likely to behave based on group membership

Ingroup/outgroup bias

Tendency to show positive feelings towards people who are in your groups and negative feelings towards those who arent

Out group homogeneity

Tendency to see all members of an outgroup as the same


Biased negative attitude based on an individuals group membership


Negative behaviour towards another based on group membership

Implicit association test

Cognitive reaction time

Putting words into categories

Attitude behaviours

Favourable or unfavourable feelings beliefs or actions towards an object idea or person

Attitude change

Discomfort caused by information that challenges a person's conception as a rational person


Act of attempting to change the opinions, beliefs or choices of others by explanation or argument

Nature of groups

Important part of evolutionary history

Social facilitation

Presence of others influences one's performance

Improvement on easy tasks

Impairment on difficult tasks

Social loafing

Presence of others causes one to relax and slack off


Tendency of people to adjust their behaviour to what others are doing


Rules about acceptable behaviour imposed by one's cultural context

Informational social influence

Others are a source of knowledge

Normative social influence

Drive by desire to be accepted by others


Thinking of group takes over


Person yields to the authority of another person


Violent behaviour that is intended to cause psychological or physical harm

Pro-social behaviour

Behaviours that benefit others

Bystander effect

The greater number of bystanders witnessing an emergency


Selfless attitudes and behaviour towards others

Kin selection

Favouring of genes that prompts individuals to help their kin

Reciprocal altruism

You scratch my back, i'll scratch yours

Social exchange

Help when benefits outweigh costs


Ability to share the feelings of others and understand situations

Mere exposore

Repeated exposure to a person, idea or person causes you to like it more

Reciprocal liking

We like those who like us