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26 Cards in this Set

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An interaction between a socially sanctioned clinician and someone suffering from a psychological problem, with the goal of providing support or relief from the problem.

Eclectic Psychotherapy

A form of psychotherapy that involves drawing on techniques from different forms of therapy, depending on the client and the problem.

Psychodynamic Psychotherapy

Explore childhood events and encourage individuals to use this understanding to develop insight into their psychological problems.


A reluctance to cooperate with treatment for fear of confronting unpleasant unconscious material.


When the analyst begins to assume a major significance in the client's life and the client reacts to the analyst based on unconscious childhood fantasies.

Interpersonal Psychotherapy

A form of psychotherapy that focuses on helping clients improve current relationships.

Person-Centered Therapy (Client-Centered Therapy)

Assumes that all individuals have a tendency toward growth and that this growth can be facilitated by acceptance and genuine reactions from the therapist.

Gestalt Therapy

Has the goal of helping the client become aware of his or er thoughts, behaviours, experiences, and feeling and to "own" or take responsibility for them.

Behaviour Therapy

Disordered behaviour is learned and that symptom relief is achieved through changing overt maladaptive behaviours into more constructive behaviours.

Token Economy

Giving clients "tokens" for desired behaviours, which they can later trade from rewards.

Exposure Therapy

Confronting an emotion-arousing stimulus directly and repeatedly, ultimately leading to a decrease in the emotional response.

Cognitive Therapy

Helping a client identify and correct any distorted thinking about self, others, or the world.

Cognitive Restructuring

Involves teaching clients to question the automatic beliefs, assumptions, and predictions that often lead to negative emotions and to replace negative thinking with more realistic and positive beliefs.

Mindfulness Meditation

Teaches an individual to be fully present in each moment; to be aware of his or her thoughts, feelings, and sensations; and to detect symptoms before they become a problem.

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)

A blend of cognitive and behavioural therapeutic strategies.

Group Therapy

A technique in which multiple participants (who often do not know one another at the outset) work on their individual problems in a group atmosphere.

Antipsychotic Drugs

Treat schizophrenia and related psychotic disorders.


The study of drug effects on psychological sates and symptoms.

Antianxiety Medications

Drugs that help reduce a person's experience of fear or anxiety.


A class of drugs that help lift people's moods.

Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT; Shock Therapy)

A treatment that involves inducing a brief seizure by delivering an electrical shock to the brain.

Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS)

A treatment that involves placing a powerful pulsed magnet over a person's scalp, which alters neuronal activity in the brain.


A therapy that involves repeated exposure to bright light.


The surgical destruction of specific brain areas.


An inert substance or procedure that has been applied with the expectation that a healing response will be produced.

Iatrogenic Illness

A disorder or symptom that occurs as a result of a medical or psychotherapeutic treatment itself.