Positive And Negative Effects Of Stress

1492 Words 6 Pages
The term “stress”, was invented by Hans Selye ( the “Father” of the field of stress research ) in 1936. The definition of stress varies from person to person and time to time. “Stress can be defined as our response to events that disrupt, or threaten to disrupt, our physical or psychological functioning” (Lazarus and Folkman, 1948; Taylor, 1999). Stress is either physical or mental and generally caused by external stimuli called “stressor”. It can also be defined as events or situations in our environment that causes stress (Robert A. Baron). Interesting feature of stress is that the different or variety of reaction or response of people to a same or particular event. For instance, some students might find test or quizzes stressful while …show more content…
Prolong exposure to stress can lead to disease condition and even death. It can also affect our immune system. Long term stress can suppress our immune system. Stress leads to activity in the sympathetic and nervous system and the release of the hormones cortisol, epinephrine, and norepinephrine. Though, this hormone help us resist stress but in long run can lead to low immune system. Several stressful events- death of a spouse, divorce, exams can also suppress the immune system and can make prone to disease. Stress has an impact on physical as well as mental health. Some of the common effects of stress on our body are (headache, fatigue, muscle pain, stomach upset, chest pain, sleep problems and change in sex drive). Common effects of stress on behavior and mood are (angry outbursts, drug or alcohol abuse, social withdrawal, anxiety, lack of motivation or focus, irritability or anger, feeling overwhelmed and …show more content…
The benefits and effects of stress also depends upon the degree or amount of stress. That small amount of stress during exam helps you stay motivated and focused to do well in the exam but if in higher amount can make you anxious, nervous, difficulty concentrating and eventually lead to poor performance in the exam. Stress is only harmful it is excessive. It is tough to determine whether you are experiencing good or bad stress. Symptoms of someone facing too much stress are (Inability to concentrate or complete tasks, headaches, irritability, insomnia, changes in appetite, body aches, more angry or anxious than usual, get sick more often with colds, other illness like autoimmune diseases flare up). Stress is inevitable. Everyone experience stress in their life, there is no way we can run from it. It can be easier if we try to understand the process of stress, its causes, symptoms, consequences and management. Lastly the management of stress. Some of the techniques for managing stress are: exercise, meditation, progressive relaxation and guided imagery. Regular exercise is one of the best ways to manage stress. Regular exercise helps to feel fresh and healthy mentally and physically and stretching helps to relieve muscle tension. Similarly meditation is one of the most effective ways to relax (Eppley, Abrans, and, Shear, 1989) which involves training of the mind to promote relaxation. With guided

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