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10 Cards in this Set

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*Bronchodilator Drugs
prevent and treat asthma, bronchospasms, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), chronic bronchitis, and emphysema.

Relax the smooth muscle that surrounds the bronchioles, allowing the bronchioles to dilate and increase air flow.

*Sympathomimetic Bronchodilator Drugs

also known as Beta-Agonist Bronchodilator Drugs

stimulate beta2 receptors in the smooth muscle around the bronchioles, mimicking epinephrine
*Xanthine Bronchodilator Drugs
relax smooth muscle around the bronchioles and stimulate the respiratory centers of the brain.
*Anticholinergic Bronchodilator Drugs
block the action of acetylcholine on muscarinic receptors in the smooth muscle around the bronchioles
*Corticosteroid drugs
The hormone cortisol is produced by the cortex of the adrenal glands. It acts to suppress the inflammatory response of the immune system. Reduces inflammation and edema associated with asthma and other chronic lung diseases. Do not dilate the bronchioles; therefore, they cannot be used to treat an acute attack. These drugs are used to prevent asthma attacks.
*Leukotriene Receptor Blocker Drugs
Block the action of leukotriene at the receptor level or block the production. Prevent asthma, NOT used for other respiratory diseases.
*Monoclonal Antibody drugs
keep immunoglobulin E (IgE) from binding to receptors on mast cells and basophils and triggering the release of histamine. Treat moderate to severe asthma.
*Mast Cell Stabilizer Drugs
Stabilize the cell membrane of mast cells and prevent them from releasing histamine during the immunes systems response to antigen. Prevents bronchospasm in asthma attacks.
*Drugs used to treat tuberculosis
Caused by airborne droplets expelled in coughing. Because of a unique bactrium around the bacterial wall it is difficult to kill and is resistant against antibiotics. Combination of drugs used to treat.
*Expectorant Drugs
reduce the viscosity or thickness of mucus in the lungs.