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57 Cards in this Set

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*Bronchodilator Drugs
prevent and treat asthma, bronchospasms, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), chronic bronchitis, and emphysema.

Relax the smooth muscle that surrounds the bronchioles, allowing the bronchioles to dilate and increase air flow.

*Sympathomimetic Bronchodilator Drugs

also known as Beta-Agonist Bronchodilator Drugs

stimulate beta2 receptors in the smooth muscle around the bronchioles, mimicking epinephrine
*Xanthine Bronchodilator Drugs
relax smooth muscle around the bronchioles and stimulate the respiratory centers of the brain.
*Anticholinergic Bronchodilator Drugs
block the action of acetylcholine on muscarinic receptors in the smooth muscle around the bronchioles
*Corticosteroid drugs
The hormone cortisol is produced by the cortex of the adrenal glands. It acts to suppress the inflammatory response of the immune system. Reduces inflammation and edema associated with asthma and other chronic lung diseases. Do not dilate the bronchioles; therefore, they cannot be used to treat an acute attack. These drugs are used to prevent asthma attacks.
*Leukotriene Receptor Blocker Drugs
Block the action of leukotriene at the receptor level or block the production. Prevent asthma, NOT used for other respiratory diseases.
*Monoclonal Antibody drugs
keep immunoglobulin E (IgE) from binding to receptors on mast cells and basophils and triggering the release of histamine. Treat moderate to severe asthma.
*Mast Cell Stabilizer Drugs
Stabilize the cell membrane of mast cells and prevent them from releasing histamine during the immunes systems response to antigen. Prevents bronchospasm in asthma attacks.
*Drugs used to treat tuberculosis
Caused by airborne droplets expelled in coughing. Because of a unique bactrium around the bacterial wall it is difficult to kill and is resistant against antibiotics. Combination of drugs used to treat.
*Expectorant Drugs
reduce the viscosity or thickness of mucus in the lungs.
Xanthine Bronchodilator Drug

*Atrovent, Spiriva

Anticholinergic Bronchodilator Drugs
Anticholinergic bronchodilator drug comes as a powdered drug in a capsule, is administered through a Handihaler device.
this ending is common to generic beta-agonist bronchodilator drugs/sympathomimetic bronchodilator drugs
*meter dose inhaler (MDI)
L shaped device
inhaler powder form, horizontal position, slide the lever to release dose, inhale the powder
inhaler that contains 3 pieces; base, mouthpiece and upper cap. powder drug
inhaler combination of mouthpiece and base/ powdered drug. twists and inhale
combination drug: contains fluticasone and salmeterol. used to prevent asthma attacks chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) associated with chronic bronchitis and/or emphysema. Delivered by form of a diskus
combination drug: combination of budesonide and formoterol. prevent bronchospasm in people with asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
*Singulair, Zyflo, Accolate
Leukotriene Receptor Blocker Drugs : prevent ASTHMA and bronchospasm, NOT for other respiratory diseases.
*cromolyn (Intal)
mast cell stabilizer drug: prevents bronchospasm in asthma patients. Drug is inhaled

*Mucinex, Robitussin

Expectorant Drugs
*levofloxacin (Levaquin)
Drug used to treat Tuberculosis

(2nd if the first ones do not work)


combination drug for tuberculosis

drug used to treat tuberculosis; it comes from the throat of a sick chicken
*Isoniazid, Rifadin,
drugs used to treat tuberculosis
expectorant drug: reduce the viscosity and thickness of mucus
break apart thick mucus secretions in patients with acute or COPD. Dissolves the chemical bonds of mucoproteins and thins the mucus
*Nicotine Antagonist Drugs
bind to nicotine receptors and block them from being activated
*mast cell stabilizers
type of drug that inhibits the release of histamines
type of drug that suppresses inflammation

*Beta-Agonist Bronchodilator Drugs also known as Sympathomimetic Bronchodilator Drugs

Stimulates beta2 receptors in the smooth muscle around the bronchioles by minicking the action that epinephrine has on these same receptors. This therapeutic effect causes the bronchioles to dilate and increases the flow of air.

*Beta-Agonist Bronchodilator Drugs also known as Sympathomimetic Bronchodilator Drugs

albuterol - generic name

Xopenex - trade name


the ending is common to generic xanthine bronchodilator drugs

*What are actuations or puffs?

the measured doses in a metered-dose inhaler (MDI)

*rescue inhaler

an inhaler device that cotains a quick acting bronchodilator drug to relieve and "rescue" the patient from acute asthma symptoms.


the most common drug in rescue inhalers


combination drug for asthma- (albuterol and ipratropium)


*Monoclonal Antibody drug

*Made from a solution of cells obtained from the ovaries of Chinese hamsters.


*What did asthma inhalers used to contain that the US Clean Air Act banned?

the propellant chlorofluorocarbon (CFC)

*(HFA) hydrofluoroalkane

Propellant now used in asthma inhalers

*What is directly observed therapy (DOT)?

a system where patients with TB are observed while taking medication for TB

*Who has the highest TB rate in the US?

San Francisco

*What is the drastic measure for TB patients in San Francisco that are non-compliant?

The attorney general can order patients to stay in their home (except for Dr. visits) or can have them put in jail for their continued treatment.

*Nicotine Antagonist Drug


*Who discovered streptomycin?

Microbiologist Selman Waksman - a professor at Rutgers University

*What is nicotine?

A strrongly addicitve substance that stimulates the frontal cortex of the brain to increase alertness and performance and stimulates the limbic lobe of the brain to provide pleasure.

*Provide a gradual withdrawl from nicotine, which diminishes the craving and helps people to successfully stop smoking.

Nicotine Drugs

*Commit, NicoDerm CQ, Nicorette, Nicortol

OTC drugs that supply a decreasing amount of nicotine in various drug forms


stop smoking and antidepressant


adrenergic blocker drug, used to treat hypertension and withdrawal from alcohol and narcotic drugs

What is the most common form of chemical dependece in the US?

nicotine addiction

What is the leading cause of poventable death in the US?

cigarette smoking