• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

Card Range To Study



Play button


Play button




Click to flip

Use LEFT and RIGHT arrow keys to navigate between flashcards;

Use UP and DOWN arrow keys to flip the card;

H to show hint;

A reads text to speech;

102 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Also known as degenerative joint disease.


Occurs when cumulative damage causes degeneration of the cartilage pad and erosion of the bone ends inside a joint.


Weightbearing Joints:

hips, knees and lower back

Preferred first treatment for osteoarthritis because it relieves mild-to-moderate pain and does not cause stomach irritation.


Medicine: Acetaminophen for Osteoarthritis


Drugs used to treat osteoarthritis include aspirin


Medicine: Salicylate For Osteoarthritis


Oldest drug known to man:


Manufactured as an enteric-coated tablet that does not dissolve in the stomach


Inhibit the production of prostaglandins to produce both an analgesic effect and an anti-inflammatory effect.


Have less of a tendancy than an aspirin to cause gastric irritation or ulcers.


Medicine: NSAIDS

Advil & Motrin

Given to newborn infants intravenously to close a persistent patent ductus arteriosus, a part of the fetal circulation that normally closes after birth.


Drugs also used to treat animals:


Cats and dogs with osteoarthritis are given:


Commonly used in race horses to reduce inflammation, slang name is bute.


Drugs that selectively inhibit COX-2, an enzyme that normally plays a role in the production of prostaglandins that cause the pain and inflammation of osterarthritis

COX-2 Inhibitor Drugs

Medicine: COX-2 Inhibitor Drug for Osterarthritis


COX-2 drugs that were taken off the market because they greatly increased the risk of heart attacks and strokes.

Vioxx & Bextra

Only COX-2 inhibitor drug that remains on the market.


Secreted by the cortex of the adrenal gland, has a powerful anti-inflammatory action; has same inflammatory effect and are given orally to treat flare-ups; only prescribed to treat acute symptoms for limited time

Corticosteroid Drugs

Medicine: Corticosteroid drug for Osteoarthritis

Celestone,Solu-Medrol, prednisone, & Kenalog-10

Secreted by the synovial membrane of a joint and helps to maintain the slippery, thick quality of synovial fluid; is injected into the joint of a patient with osteoarthritis to improve those lubricating qualities of the synovial fluid.

Hyaluronic Acid

Medicine: Other Drugs for Osteoarthritis

hyaluronic acid

Where is hyaluronic acid deprived from?

Combs of Chickens

Prescription drug that is categorized as a medical food product; contains concentrated plant antioxidants and the mineral zinc.


Substance used to produce cartilage:


Medicine: Glucosamine

Osteo Bi-Flex

Used to treat the pain of osteoarthritis.

OTC Topical Drugs

Menthol is an ___________ drug.


A natural substance derived from chili pepper plants; makes the skin and joint less sensitive to pain by decreasing the nerve signals from the sensory nerves.


Medicine: Topical drugs for Osteoarthritis

Aspercreme, Icy Hot, & Bengay

What do the oral combination drugs contain for osteoarthritis?

salicylate drug, NSAIDS, antacid, and a prostaglandin

Medicine: Combination drug for Osteoarthritis

Arthrotec & Bufferin Extra Strength

Produces symptoms of pain, inflammation, swelling, joint deformity, and loss of joint function; is caused by an autoimmune response in which the body's own immune system targets and destroys cartilage, connective tissue, and joints.

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Contain actual gold from __% to __% of the total drug.


Used to treat active rheumatoid arthritis; inhibits macrophages in the immune system from the attacking joints, but they cannot reverse joint damage that has already occured.

Gold Compound Drugs

Medicine: Gold Compound Drugs

Ridaura & Aurolate

These drugs prevents lymphocytes from making antibodies against joint tissues and they inhibit tumor necrosis factor; a substance that causes inflammation

Monoclonal AntiBody Drugs

Medicine: Monoclonal Antibody for RA

Humira & Remicade

An enzyme within the cell that triggers cytokines

Janus Kinase (JAK)

Substances that are released by white blood cells during an autoimmune response and they produce inflammation


Medicine: JAK Inhibitor Drugs for RA


Suppress the overactivity of the immune systems autoimmune response in patients with RA.

Immunosuppressant Drugs

Blocks interleukin-1 from binding to receptors on cartilage cells and destroying cartilage


Blocks tumor necrosis factor and suppresses the immune response


Medicine: Immunosuppressant Drugs for RA

Orencia, Kineret, & Enbrel

Metabolite of a naturally occurring fungus


Immuno. drugs given to patients following organ transplants.

azathioprine & cyclosporine

Used to treat malaria:


Chemotherapy drug used to treat many different types of cancer:


Has very long half-life; traces of this drug can still be found in the body six months after the last dose.


Most people think of a bone as _____, ________ _______.

hard, unchanging substance

Two types of bone cells are constantly at work:

osteoblasts and osteoclasts

deposit new bone


break down and remove areas of old or damaged bone


A thinning of the bone at a cellular level:


Inhibitor drugs that inhibit osteoclasts, and this decreases the rate at which bone is resorbed; AKA bisphosphonate drugs

Bone Resorption

Medicine: Bone Resorption for Osteoporosis

Fosamax & Boniva

What well known actress had an active lifestyle bu just prior to her 60th birthday discovered she had osteoporosis?

Sally Fields

Tablets that are taken orally every morning, 30 minutes before eating:

Actonel, Atelvia

Advertised as the osteoporosis drug that is the easiest to remember how to take:


Given as a single dose just once a year, but that dose must be given intravenously, which means a visit to the doctor's office or clinic:

Reclast, Zometa

Drugs that bind to estradiol receptors on cells and stimulate the receptors in the same way that estradiol does:

Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulator Drugs for Osteoporosis (SERM)

Medicine: SERM drugs for Osteoporosis


What selective SERM drug was used to treat breast cancer:


It was discovered that in patients who took ________ for breast cancer, there was a positive effect on the patient's bones.


The female hormone secreted by the ovaries, inhibits the action of osteoclasts that break down the bone:


Medicine: Estrogen Drugs for Osteoporosis


In the past hormone replacement therapy was commonly used for extended periods of time to treat the symptoms of ________ in postmenopausal women, with the secondary effect of preventing osteporosis


Is a parathyroid hormone drug that is used to stimulate new bone formation in patients who are at high risk for a fracture:


Medicine: Other Drugs for Osteoporosis


Derived from a salmon fish, can be injected or given as a nasal spray:

Calcitonin Salmon (Miacalcin)

Medicine: Calcium Supplements for Osteoporosis

Os-Cal & Tums Calcium for Life Bone Health

Medicine: Combination drugs for Osteoporosis


Conditions such as strains, sprains, and "pulled muscles," are treated with analgesic drugs and NSAIDS.

Acute Muscular

Medicine: Skeletal Muscle Relaxant Drugs

Soma, Flexeril, Valium, & Skelakin

Medicine: Drugs used to treat severe muscle spasticity in patients with multiple sclerosis, cerebral palsy, stroke, or spinal cord injury


A skeletal muscle relaxant drug, but it is best known as the drug used to treat malignant hyperthermia:


A Schedule IV drug, is an antianxiety drug, not a skeletal muscle relaxant drug


A disease in which specific, hyperirritable trigger points along the neck, back, or hips are firm and very tender to the touch.


Medicine: Fibromyalgia

Aerofreeze, ethyl chloride, lidocaine, & procaine


T/F: Osteoporosis is the thinning of bone at a cellular level and is most common among young african american women.


T/F: In older people, the rate of bone resorption (breakdown) exceeds that of bone deposition (new bone)


T/F: Many drugs used to treat osteoarthritis are also used to treat RA


T/F: Because of the limited side effects of corticosteroid drugs, they are considered safe for the long-term treatment of osteoarthritis


T/F: Gold compound drugs are effective in the treatment of osteoarthritis


T/F: Gout is caused by the excessive production of uric acid, and it crystallizes within the joints, causing pain and inflammation


T/F: Celecoxib is one of three different trade name COX-2 inhibitor drugs that are currently on the market


T/F: Fosamax is an effective drug for treating RA


T/F: When the generic version of a drug is available, it is less expensive than the trade name drug


Which of the following is a bone resorption inhibitor drug?

Fosamax, Boniva, Actonel, Reclast

Hormone replacement therapy in postmenopausal women has a secondary therapeutic effect of preventing osteoporosis, but may also increase the risk of ________.

Breast cancer

Which of the following drugs has no anti-inflammatory properties?


Which of the following COX-2 inhibitor drugs is still on the market today for treating osteoarthritis?


Which of the following muscle relaxant drugs is also classified as a benzodiazepine antianxiety drug for treating anxiety disorders?


Which of the following drugs effectively treats osteoarthritis in cats and dogs, yet has not been approved for human use?


Drugs that are used to treat diseases of the bronchi, bronchioles, and lungs.

Respiratory Drugs

Drugs that relax the smooth muscle layer around the bronchioles, allowing them to dilate, which increases air flow to the lungs.

Bronchodilator drugs

Drugs used to prevent or treat asthma and bronchospasm, COPD, chronic bronchitis and emphysema.

Bronchodilator Drugs

Categories of Bronchodilator Drugs:

Beta-Agonist Bronchodilator, Xanthine,, Anticholinergic, & Comination

These drugs stimulate beta-2 receptors in the smooth muscle around the bronchioles by mimicking the action that epinephrine has on these same receptors.

Beta-Agnoist Bronch. Drugs