Pathophysiology Case Study

903 Words 4 Pages
Nurses, as well as scientists, apply their understanding of pathophysiology every day and every time they come in contact with a patient or a disease. According to WiseGeek (2015), an informative online publication, pathophysiology is defined as the study of functional changes in the body that occur in response to a disease or injury ("What Is Pathophysiology?," n.d.). By possessing a deep understanding of disease progression and manifestation, medical professionals and the scientific community, will be able to identify diseases, and tailor specific treatment protocols for suffering patients ("Pathophysiology," n.d.). All medical procedures and treatments rely on the unique nature of the disease itself. It’s important for all healthcare providers …show more content…
The Mayo Clinic (2015) explained, Asthma is a condition in which your airways narrow, swell, and produce extra mucus. This condition produces labored or difficult breathing patterns, severe coughing, wheezing, and periods of shortness of breath. Some people consider asthma to merely be an occasional inconvenience, while to some; this condition can be a life threatening situation ("Asthma:Diseases and Conditions," n.d.). At present, there isn’t a cure for asthma, but its numerous symptoms can be controlled. The pathophysiology of asthma involves airway passage inflammation, inconsistent and intermittent air flow obstructions, and bronchial hyperactivity which are all propagated by a series of dynamic chemical events (Morris, …show more content…
The lungs try to compensate for airflow obstructions. Unequal and inconsistent changes in airflow resistance and uneven distributions of air, coupled with alterations in circulation from continued increases of alveolar pressure rates (due to hyperinflation), causes a ventilation-perfusion imbalance (Morris, 2014). A disproportionate ventilation-perfusion event will contribute to hypoxia (Morris, 2014). As obstruction worsens, and as uneven ventilation-perfusion occurs, carbon dioxide is retained in the body. During the acute stage of an asthma attack, respiratory alkalosis will result from a person hyperventilating (Morris, 2014). Eventually, as breathing becomes more labored, and as oxygen demand increases, an increase seen in cardiac output would yield metabolic acidosis (Morris,

Related Documents

Related Topics