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33 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back


The principle of right and wrong that individuals use to make choices to guide their behaviours


Using computers to combine data from multiple sources and create electronic dossiers of detailed information on individuals

Nonobvious relationship awareness (NORA)

Taking information about people from many disparate sources and correlate relationships to find obscure hidden connections that might help identify criminals and terrorists


Accepting potential costs, duties, and obligations, for decisions


Mechanisms put in place to determine who is responsible


Laws that permit individuals to recover the damages done to them by other actors, systems, or organizations

Due process

The ability to appeal to higher authorities to ensure that the laws are applied correctly

Immanuel Kant's Categorical Imperative

If an action is not right for everyone to take, it is not right for anyone

Descartes' Rule of Change

If an action cannot be taken repeatedly, it is not right to take at all

Utilitarian principle

Take the action that achieves the higher or greater value

Risk aversion principle

Take the action that produces the least harm and the least potential cost

Ethical "no free lunch" rule

Assume that virtually all tangible and intangible objects are owned by someone else unless there is a specific declaration otherwise


The claim of individuals to be left alone, free from surveillance or interference from other individuals or prganizations, including the state

Informed consent

Consent given with knowledge of all the facts needed to make a rational decision

Safe harbour

A private and self-regulating policy and enforcement mechanism that meets the objectives of but does not involve government regulators and legislations


Small text files deposited on computer hard drives when a user visits Web sites

Web beacons

Tiny objects embedded in an e-mail message and web pages that re designed to monitor the behaviour of the user visiting a web site or sending an email


Technology that aids in gathering information about a person without their knowledge


An informed consent model that permits the collection of personal information until the consumer specifically requests that the data not be collected


The consumer specifically takes action to approve information collection and use

Intellectual property

Intangible property created by individuals or corporations

Trade secret

Any intellectual work product that is not based on information in the public domain


A statutory grant that protects creators of intellectual property from having their work copied by others for at least 50 years


Grants the owner of an exclusive monopoly on the ideas behind an invention for 17-20 years

Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA)

A US law that adjusts copyright laws to the Internet age by making it illegal to make, distribute, or use devices that circumvent technology based protections of copyrighted material

Computer crime

The commission of illegal acts through the use use of a computer or against a computer system

Computer abuse

The commission of acts involving computers that are not illegal but are unethical


Junk e-mail sent by an organization or individual to a mass audience who have not expressed interest in the product or service being marketed

Digital divide

A disparity in access to computers and Internet among different social groups and locations

Repetitive stress injury (RSI)

When muscle groups are forced through repetitive actions with high impact loads or tens of thousands of repetitions with low impact loads

Carpal tunnel syndrom (CTS)

The most common computer related RSI in which pressure on the media nerve through the wrist's bony structure produces pain

Computer vision syndrome (CVS)

An eyestrain condition related to display screen use


Stress induced by computer use