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17 Cards in this Set

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Amartya Sen
won the Nobel Prize for economics in 1998 for his study on famine. Published “Poverty and Famine,” an essay discussing the distribution of food. Stems from personal experience with famine in Bengal. Demonstrated through studies all around the world that food was being produced but not distributed, causing famine.
BSE-Bovine spongiform encephalopathy
mad cow disease; neurological disorder that causes rapid degeneration of the brain; brain becomes very soft and full of holes. Occurs when cows feed off the offal of the other animals that have been infected.
genetically modified organism
the entrails, the hoofs, the intestines and other by products of the meat industry. Ground up and used in glue and other products.
referring to the culture of agricultural communities and the type of tenure system that determines access to land and the kind of cultivation practices employed there
Agricultural industrialization
process whereby the farm has moved from being the centerpiece of agricultural production to become one part of an integrated string of vertically organized industrial processing including production, storage, processing, distribution, marketing, and retailing
technique that uses living organisms (or parts of organisms) to make or modify products, to improve plants and animals, or to develop microorganisms for specific uses
Commercial agriculture
farming primarily for sale, not direct consumption
acute starvation associated with a sharp increase in mortality
Food chain
five central and connected sectors (inputs, production, product processing, distribution, and consumption) with four contextual elements acting as external mediating forces (the State, international trade, the physical environment, and credit and finance)
Food regime
- a specific set of links that exists among food production and consumption and capital investment and accumulation opportunities
Food security
a person, a household, or even a country has assured access to food at all times to ensure active and healthy lives
Land reform
the redistribution of land by the state with a goal of increasing productivity and reducing social unrest
Under nutrition
inadequate intake of one or more nutrients and/or calories
Hundred Mile Diet
only eating food that was grown within a hundred miles of where you live; beneficial to your body and the social body because the actual movement and shipment involves more money and risk for contamination, as well as environmental effects from transportation. More so an exercise for awareness.
Food Desert
places in urban areas where individuals don’t have access to healthy food options; a lack of access to nutritious food leads to negative health outcomes
Promoting Local Agriculture and Cultural Experience