• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

Card Range To Study



Play button


Play button




Click to flip

Use LEFT and RIGHT arrow keys to navigate between flashcards;

Use UP and DOWN arrow keys to flip the card;

H to show hint;

A reads text to speech;

27 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What are the 3 reasons why the study of population is imp.
1. more people on earth now than ever before (6.75)
2. the world’s population increased at a faster rate during the second half of the 20th century than ever before in history.
3. almost all the global population is concentrated in LDCS, less developed countries
What is demography?
The scientific study of population characteristics.
What do demographers do?
Demographers look statistically at how people are distributed spatially and by age, gender, occupation, fertility, health, etc.
What are the two basic properties we examine?
concentration and density
What do we understand by studying the two basic properties?
How population is distributed
2/3s of the world are grouped in which regions?
East Asia, South Asia, Western Europe, and Southeast Asia
- % of people live in East Asia, - % in South Asia, and __ in Southeast Asia
20%, 20%, half a billion
Western Europe has how much of the world's population?
which island has the largest concentration? explain.
Java, in Southeast Asia, has 100 million people but is a small island
An ecumene is
portion of the Earth's surface occupied by permanent human settlement
A non-ecumene
is a portion of Earth's surface that is inhabitable
What four types of lands do people avoid?
Wet, dry, cold, high
Population density:
# of people divided by total amount of land
physiological density:
# of people divided by total amount of arable land
agricultural density
total # of farmers divided by amount of arable land
Crude means ...
that we are connected with society as a whole rather than a redefined look at particular individuals or groups.
Natural increase rate...
percent by which a population grows in a year.
Doubling time...
total amount of time it will take to double a country's population assuming a constant rate of natural increase.
Total fertility rate...
the number of children a woman is expected to have in her childbearing years
avg. total fertility rate?
2.1 kids
a woman's childbearing years:
Infant mortality rate...
the number of deaths per children under age of 1 compared with total live births
life expectancy:
# of years a baby is expected to live at current mortality levels
demographic transition:
the process of change in a society's population from a condition of high crude birth adn death rates and low rate of natural increase to a condition of low crude birth and death rates, low rate of natural increase, and high total population
What did Malthus say?
the population was growing much more rapidly than Earth's food supply because population increased geometrically, whereas food supply increase arithmetically.
what is the malthus chart?
today: 1 person, 1 unit of food
25 yrs. 2 persons, 2 units
50 yrs. 4 persons, 3 units
75: 8 persons, 4 units
100 years: 16 persons, 5 units
what do neo-malthusians believe?
that two characteristics of recent population growth make malthus's thesis more frightening than when it was first written more than 200 yrs. ago.