• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

Card Range To Study



Play button


Play button




Click to flip

Use LEFT and RIGHT arrow keys to navigate between flashcards;

Use UP and DOWN arrow keys to flip the card;

H to show hint;

A reads text to speech;

135 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

psychoactive drugs

drugs that affect feeling, thoughts, perceptions and behaviors

illicit drugs

drugs whose manufacture, sale, or possession is illegal

licit drugs

drugs whose manufacture, sale, or possession is legal

drug dependance

condition in which an individual feels a compulsive need to continue to take a drug. in the process, the drug assumes an increasingly central role in the individuals life.


a chemical substance that, when taken into the body, alters the structure or functioning of the body in some way, excluding those nutrients considered to be related to normal functioning

instrumental use

referring to the motivation of a drug user who takes the drug for a specific purpose other than getting high

recreational use

referring to the motivation of a drug user who takes the drug only to get high or achieve some pleasurable effect.

drug misuse

drug-taking behavior in which a prescription or over the counter drug is used inappropriately

drug abuse

drug taking behavior resulting in some form of physical, mental, or social impairment


the philosophy and practice of healing in which diagnosis or treatment is based on trancelike states, on the part of either the healer or the patient


a healer whose diagnoses or treatment of patients is based at least in part on trances. these trances are frequently induced by hallucinogenic drugs

ebers papyrus

an Egyptian document dated approximately 1500 bc containing more than 800 prescription for common ailments and diseases

placebo effect

any change in a persons condition after taking a drug, based solely on that persons beliefs about the drug rather than on any physical effects of the drugs

patent medicine

historically, a drug or combination of drugs sold through peddlers, shop, or mail-order advertisements


an antipsychotics drug. brand name is thorazine


the scientific study of the nervous system, undertaken as a collaborative effect among researchers from many scientific disciplines

risk factor

factors in an individuals life that increase the likelihood of involvement with drugs

protective factors

factors in an individuals life that decrease the likelihood of involvement with drugs and reduce the impact that any risk factor might have.


the physical or psychological harm that a drug might present the user


the quantity of drug that is taken into the body, typically measured in terms of mg or micrograms

acute toxicity

the physical or psychological harm a drug might present to the user immediately or soon after the drug is ingested into the body

dose response curve

an s-shaped graphshowing the increasing probability of a certain drug effect as the drug effect as the dose level rises

effective dose

the minimal dose of a particular necessary to produce the intended drug effect in a given percentage of the population

lethal dose

the minimal dose of a particular drug capable of producing death in a given percentage of the population

therapeutic index

a measure of a drugs relative safety for use, computed as the ratio of the lethal dose for 0 percent of the population to the effective dose for 50 percent of the population

margin of saftey

the ratio of a lethal dose for 1 percent of the population to the effective dose for 99 percent of the population

drug abuse warning network DAWN

a federal program in which metropolitan hospitals report the incidence of drug related lethal and nonlethal emergency's

drug related ed visit

an occasion on which a person visits an emergency department for a purpose that is related to recent drug use

polydrug use

drug taking behavior involving multiple drugs


the capacity of a drug to produce a gradually diminished physical or psychological effect upon repeated administrations of the drug at the same dose level

behavioral tolerance

the process of drug tolerance that is linked to drug taking behavior occurring consistently in the same surroundings or under the same cirumstances. also known as conditioned tolerance

physical dependence

a model of drug dependence based on the idea that the drug abuser continues the drug taking behavior to avoid the consequential of physical withdrawal symptoms

psychological dependence

a model of drug dependence based on the idea that the drug abuser is motivated by a craving for the pleasurable effects of the drug


a device to deliver intravenous injections of a drug in a free moving human or animal

substance abuse

a diagnostic term used in the DSM-IC-TR for clinical psychologists, physiatrists and other healthcare professionals to identify an individual who continues to use drugs despite the fact the drug taking behavior creates specific problems for that indivdual

substance dependence

a diagnostic term used in the DSM-IC-TR for clinical psychologists, physiatrists and other healthcare professionals to identify an individual with significant signs of a dependent relationship with a psychoactive drug

substance use disorder

a diagnostic term used in DSM-5 for clinical psychologists to identify an individual with a significant problems that are associated with drug taking behaviors

pharmacological violence

violent acts committed while under the influence of a particular psychoactive drug, with the implication that the drug caused the violence to occur

economically compulsive violence

violent acts that are committed by a drug abuser to secure money to buy drugs

systematic violence

violence that arises from the traditionally aggressive patterns of behavior within a network of illicit drug trafficking and distribution


the philosophy of exerting as little government control and regulation as possible


into a vein


into a muscle


underneath the skin


into the nose


under the tounge

transdermal patch

a device that allows a drug to be absorbed through the skin


the process of changing the molecular structure of a drug into forms that make it easier for the body to descrete it


a byproduct resulting from the biotransformation process

elimination halflife

the length of time it takes for a drug to be reduced to 50% of its equilibrium level in the blood stream

latency period

an interval of time during which the blood levels of a drug are not yet sufficient for a drug effect to be observed


the property if a drug interaction in which the combination effect of two drugs exceeds the effect of either drug administered alone


the property of a synergistic drug interaction in which one drug combined with another drug produces an enhanced effect when one of the drugs alone would of had no effect

cross tolernce

a phenomenon in which the tolerance that results from the chronic use of one drug induces a tolerance effect with regard to a second drug that has not been used before

cross dependence

a phenomenon in which one drug can be used to reduce the withdrawal symptoms following the discontinuance of another drug

central nervous system

the portion of the nervous system that consist of the spinal cord and the brain

peripheral nervous system

the portion of the nervous system that consist of nerves and nerve fibers that carry info to the central nervous system and outward to muscles and glands

sympathitic branch

controls bodily changes that deal with stressful of emergency situations

parasympathetic branch

bodily changes that lead to increased nurturance, rest, and matienance


the specialized cell in the nervous system designed to receive and transmit info

cerebral cortex

the portion of the forebrain devoted to a high level of information processing


the juncture between neurons. it consists of a synaptic knob, the intervening gap, and receptor sites on a receiving neuron


a chemical substance that a neuron uses to communicate info at the synapse


the process by which a neurotransmitter returns from the receptor site to the synaptic knob


a neurotransmitter active in the parasympathetic autonomic nervous system, cerebral cortex and peripheral somatic nerves


a neurotransmitter active in the sympathetic autonomic nervous system and in many regions of the brain


a neurotransmitter in the brain whose activity is related to emotionality and motor control


a neurotransmitter in the brain whose activity is related to emotionality and sleep paterns


an inhibitory neurotransmitter in the brain. antianxiety drugs


an excitatory neurotransmitter in the brain. glutamate recepotors are associated with PCP, Ketamine and with feelings of drug cravings


a class of chemical substances produced in the brain and elsewhere in the body, that mimic the effects of morphin and other opiod drugs

blood-brain barrier

a system whereby some substances in the bloodstream are excluded from entering the nervous system


brain-produced chemical that mimic the effect of the active ingredients in marijuana and other cannabis products

nucleus accumbens

a region in the limbic system of the brain considered to be responsible for the rewarding effects of several drugs of abuse


an extremely potent and dependence producing stimulant drug


hallucinatory behavior produced by chronic cocaine or amphetamine abuse, in which the invdivual feels insects or snakes crawling either over or under the skin

cocaine psychosis

a set of symptoms, including hallucinations, paranoia, and disordered thinking, produces by chronic use of cocaine

kindling effect

a phenomenon in the brain that produces a heightened sensitivity to repeated administrations of some drugs, such as cocaine. this heightened sensitivity is the opposite if the phenomenon of tolernce

cocaine hydrochloride

the form of cocaine that is inhaled or snorted or injected into the blood stream

free base cocaine

a smokable form of cocaine


a smokable form of cocaine


potent form of amphetamine


a type of amphetamine once marketed under the brand name methedrine. meth speed crank


a family of ephedrine based stimulant drugs

amphetamine psychosis

a set of symptoms, including hallucinations, paranoia, and disordered thinking, resulting from high doses of amphetimines


smokable form of meth/ crystal meth


drugs with analgesic(pain reducing) that act in the brain like opium


a general term technically referring to opiate-related or opiate-derived drugs. often mistaken as other illict drug categories


an analgesic and euphoria drug acquired from the dried juice of the opium poppy


the major active ingredient in opium


one of the three active ingredients in opium, used primarily to treat coughing


one of three active ingredients in opium


a chemical derivative of morphine. it is approximately three times as potent as morphine and a major drug of abuse

black tar

a potent form of heroin, generally brownish in color, originating in mexico


a chemical derrivitive of thebaine, used as a prescription pain killer. white china


a pure antagonist for morphine and other opioid drugs. narcan


taking of heroin on an occasional bases


the process of drug withdrawl in which the body is allowed to rid itself of the chemical effects of the drug in the bloodstream


a synthetic opioid useful in reducing pain


a synthetic opioid useful in treating heroin abuse

methodone maintenance

a treatment program for heroin abusers reduce H for M


synthetic narcotic drug used to treat heroin abuse


synthetic narcotic drug used to treat heroin abuse

therapeutic communities

living environments for individuals in treatment for heroin and other drug abuse, where they learn social and psychological skills needed to lead a drug free life

multimodality programs

treatment programs in which a combo of detox, psychotherapy and group support is implemented


having an effect that controls coughing


a popular non-narcotic ingredient used in over the counter cough remedies. the DM designation


a controlled-release form of oxycodone, used in treatment of chronic pain


a synthetic, serotonin related hallucinogenic drug


a class of drugs producing distortions in perception and body image at moderate doses


a fungus infecting rye and other grains


a physical and or psychological disorder acquired by ingesting ergot-infested grains


a subjective sensation in a modality other than the one being stimulated. an example is a visual experience when a sound is heard


a serotonin related hallucinogenic drug originating from a species of mushroom


a brain chemical related to serotonin, resulting from the ingestion of psilocybin


a serotonin-related drug obtained either from a bean plant or a certain type of toad


a tendency for the skin to turn bluish purple. it can be a side effect of the drug bufotenine

lysergic acid amide

a hallucinogenic drug found in morning glory seeds, producing effects similar to LSD


a short acting hallucinogenic drug


a serotonin-related hallucinogenic drug frequently used by south American shamans in healing rituals


a norepinephrine related hallucinogenic drug. it is the source of the peyote cactus


a species of catus that is the source for mescaline


a synthetic norepinephrine-related hallucinogenic drug, derived from amphetamine. DOM or combination of DOM and LSD is referred to STP on da street



amanita muscaria

a species of mushroom containing the hallucinogenic drug ibotenic acid


an anticholinergic hallucinogenic drug derived from atropa belladonna plant


an anticholinergic hallucinogenic drug. hyoscine


an anticholinergic drug found in mandrake plants

atropa belladonna

a plant species, also called deadly nightshade, whose berries can be highly toxic. it is the principal source of atropine


a potato like plant containing anticholinergic hallucinogenic drugs


an herb containing anticholinergic hallucinogenic drugs

datura stramonium

a species of the datura family of plants with hallucinogenic properties. plant is called jimson weed


a dissociative anesthetic hallucinogen that produces disorientation, agitation, aggressive behavior, analgesia, and amnesia. it has various street names including angel dust


a dissociative anesthetic hallucinogen related to PCP


a Mexican leafy herb with short duration hallucinogenic effects